italy regions guide, facts, statistics and region profiles

The Complete Guide To The 20 Regions Of Italy: History, Facts, Statistics, Region Profiles & Much More



Whether you’re looking to explore Italy’s best destinations or brush up on your regional knowledge, this complete guide to the country’s 20 regions has everything you need. We’ll bring Italy’s diverse regions to life through bite-sized history lessons, key facts and statistics, and detailed profiles covering culture, cuisine, landmarks and more from each area of the country.

Beyond highlighting famous spots like Tuscany, Venice and Sicily, I wanted to craft the ultimate resource for travelers and Italy lovers alike to appreciate the country’s endlessly fascinating regional identity. As you explore population stats or dive into my Italy Regions quiz, this sweeping journey across Italy aims to unveil hidden gems and illuminate what makes each of these 20 pieces of the Italian puzzle so special.

So join me as we crisscross the country discovering key facts about Italy’s 20 regions and the best destinations to put on your bucket list. A fascinating exploration awaits!

Historical Regions of Italy: When Was Italy Divided?

This article I read on la Stampa gives a nice overview of how the Italian regions came to be. Let me explain.

The idea of dividing Italy into regions originated with Augustus, the first Roman emperor. He partitioned continental Italy into eleven zones, referred to first by numbers rather than names. Some resembled modern-day regions, while others differed significantly.  

Augustus’ regions were not administrative bodies and did not govern their territories. The division served for census-taking and tax collection purposes.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, two statistics-loving patriots – Cesare Correnti and Pietro Maestri – drew up maps dividing Italy into regions. However, these continued to function solely for gathering statistical data.  

Officially, Italy’s regions were established under the 1948 Constitution of the Italian Republic. They were modified in 1963 with the addition of Molise and Friuli Venezia Giulia. However, it was not until 1970 that the regions assumed self-governing authority.

So in summary – the notion of regional divisions has ancient roots in Italy, but regions as political entities are largely a modern development of the post-WWII Italian state.

Oldest Italian Regions

The first two regions that were formed in Italy were the islands – Sicily in 1947 and Sardinia in 1948.

If you are asking why, just think about the main reason for the creation of the regions – to better manage the territory by delegating the power closer to the region. So what better way than to start with the farthest regions from the capital?

How Is Italy Divided?

Article 114 of the Italian Constitution, the first of a series that governs the division of Italy, explains how Italy is divided. I will give you the Italian and English version.

Articolo 114

“La Repubblica è costituita dai Comuni, dalle Province, dalle Città metropolitane, dalle Regioni [cfr. art. 131] e dallo Stato.

I Comuni, le Province, le Città metropolitane e le Regioni sono enti autonomi con propri statuti, poteri e funzioni secondo i princìpi fissati dalla Costituzione.

Roma è la capitale della Repubblica. La legge dello Stato disciplina il suo ordinamento.”

Translated in English:

The Republic is constituted by the Municipalities, the Provinces, the Metropolitan Cities, the Regions [cf. art. 131], and the State.

The Municipalities, Provinces, Metropolitan Cities, and Regions are autonomous entities with their statutes, powers, and functions according to the principles established by the Constitution.

Rome is the capital of the Republic. The state law regulates its organization.

How Many Regions In Italy?

There are 20 regions in Italy, of which 15 have ordinary statute status and 5 have special statute status.

The regions are further divided into provinces, which are broad administrative areas containing groups of municipalities.

So in total – 20 regions, are differentiated by their level of administrative autonomy from the central Italian government. The regions provide an intermediate level of governance between the national and municipal levels.

Italian Regions List

Here’s the full list of Italy’s 20 regions from North to South. This includes both ordinary, autonomous regions and the two islands.

  1. Liguria
  2. Piemonte 
  3. Lombardia
  4. Valle D’Aosta
  5. Trentino Alto Adige
  6. Friuli Venezia Giulia
  7. Veneto
  8. Emilia Romagna
  9. Toscana
  10. Umbria
  11. Marche
  12. Lazio
  13. Abruzzo
  14. Molise
  15. Campania
  16. Puglia
  17. Basilicata
  18. Calabria
  19. Sicilia
  20. Sardegna

In the next section, you can see the geographical subdivision, and in the one after we will highlight which are the autonomous ones.

Italy regions names divided by north, centre, south plus autonomous
List of Italy Regions divided by north, centre, south plus autonomous

Italy Regions Map with North, Centre & South Division

How many times have you wondered whether a specific region is in Northern or central Italy?

If you pin or save this map you can refer to it whenever you need to. It also comes with an easy way to identify the autonomous regions – the circled letter A.

The 20 Italian regions are divided into 5 geographical groups:

  1. Italy North East Regions
  2. Italy North West Regions
  3. Italian Central Regions
  4. Italian Southern Regions
  5. Italian Islands

Below I am listing all the regions under each geographical group.

Northern Italy Regions

North East Italy 

North West Italy

Central Italy Regions 

Southern Italy Regions

Italian Islands

Italy Autonomous Regions

Italy’s autonomous regions are specified under Article 116 of the Italian Constitution. The regions of Friuli Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, and Aosta Valley possess forms of autonomy, as defined in their respective special statutes adopted through constitutional law. 

The region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol comprises the autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano.

What is an Autonomous Region?

An autonomous region in Italy is a region that enjoys particular forms and conditions of autonomy.

The specific types of autonomy these regions possess include legislative, administrative, and financial autonomy. However, the precise nature and extent of autonomy differ for each region, as spelled out in the agreements between the regional and national governments. 

For example, the two provinces within Trentino Alto Adige enjoy a similar degree of autonomy as Sicily. Still, there are notable differences between the autonomous regions. Regarding fiscal transfers to municipalities, social services, healthcare, and local transport, Sicily depends more heavily on national funding and legislation across all those areas.

Unlike ordinary statute regions, whose powers are uniform nationwide per Article 117, the allocation of resources and responsibilities to each autonomous region is dictated by its respective statute. The statutes have constitutional standing.

A key feature of the finances of autonomous regions is that the state negotiates with each the size and modality of its contribution to public finance objectives. It also negotiates the assignment of new functions, changes to tax rates, and any extra aid to tackle specific issues.

In terms of legislative autonomy, all five regions can enact laws but only concerning areas specified in their statutes. Among them, the provinces of Trento and Bolzano possess the broadest legislative powers.

Italian Regions And Capitals 

Italy’s 20 regions each have an administrative capital where regional governance bodies convene. Below I provide a list of all the regions with their respective capitals.

Italy regions flags
Italy Regions 20 Flags

Italy Regions Flags

The flags of Italy’s regions showcase symbols meaningful to each area’s distinct history and culture. The graphic below displays the official flags for all 20 regions.

Italy Regions by Size

In this section, we’ll look at which of the Italian regions are the smallest and which largest. I will also give you the size for each, in terms of their total area. In the next section, we will look at the regions’ size in terms of population.

Largest Italian Region 

The largest region in Italy by total land area is Sicily, comprising 25,703 square kilometers. Its size reflects its geographic isolation as an island and historical political importance as its kingdom during parts of Italian history.

Smallest Region in Italy

The smallest region in Italy by land area is Aosta Valley – at just 3,263 square kilometers, followed by Molise – at 4,438 square kilometers.

Molise region was much larger before it split. did not become an independent region until 1963. Previously, it was joined with Abruzzo in a single region called Abruzzi e Molise.

Constitutional Law No. 3 of 1963 divided the two into distinct regions per Article 131, marking the only instance an existing Italian region split to form new regions.

Italy Regions Total Area

– Liguria – 5K km²

– Piemonte – 25K km²

– Lombardia – 23K km²

– Valle D’Aosta – 3K km²

– Trentino Alto Adige – 13K km²

– Friuli Venezia Giulia – 7K km²

– Veneto – 18K km²

– Emilia Romagna – 22K km²

– Toscana – 22K km²

– Umbria – 8K km²

– Marche – 9K km²

– Lazio – 17K km²

– Abruzzo – 10K km²

– Molise – 4K km²

– Campania – 13K km²

– Puglia – 19K km²

– Basilicata – 9K km²

– Calabria – 15K km²

– Sicily – 25K km²

– Sardinia – 24K km²

Italy Population By Regions

Italy’s total population of 60 million inhabitants is distributed unevenly across its 20 regions. Let’s uncover the population numbers for each region.

– Lombardia – 9,950,742

– Lazio – 5,707,112

– Campania – 5,592,175

– Veneto – 4,838,253

– Sicilia – 4,802,016

– Emilia-Romagna – 4,426,929

– Piemonte – 4,240,736

– Puglia – 3,900,852

– Toscana – 3,651,152

– Calabria – 1,841,300

– Sardinia – 1,575,028

– Liguria – 1,502,624

– Marche – 1,480,839

– Abruzzo – 1,269,860

– Friuli Venezia Giulia – 1,192,191

– Trentino-Alto Adige – 1,075,317

– Umbria – 854,137

– Basilicata – 536,659

– Molise – 289,840

– Valle d’Aosta – 122,955

This data comes from Istat (the Italian National Institute of Statistics).

N.RegionsLand AreaPopulationDensity
1Sicily25,703 km² 4,802,016186 pop./km² 
2Piedmont25,400 km² 4,240,736166 pop./km²
3Sardinia24,090 km² 1,575,02865 pop./km²
4Lombardia23,863 km² 9,950,742416 pop./km²
5Tuscany22,990 km² 3,651,152158 pop./km²
6Emilia Romagna22,123 km² 4,426,929200 pop./km²
7Puglia19,366 km² 3,900,852201 pop./km²
8Veneto18,391 km² 4,838,253263 pop./km²
9Lazio17,208 km² 5,707,112331 pop./km²
10Calabria15,081 km² 1,841,300122 pop./km²
11Trentino Alto Adige13,607 km² 1,075,31779 pop./km²
12Campania13,590 km² 5,592,175411 pop./km²
13Abruzzo10,795 km² 1,269,860117 pop./km²
14Basilicata9,995 km² 536,65953 pop./km²
15Marche9,694 km² 1,480,839148 pop./km²
16Umbria8,456 km² 854,137101 pop./km²
17Friuli Venezia Giulia7,856 km² 1,192,191151 pop./km²
18Liguria5,420 km² 1,502,624277 pop./km²
19Molise4,438 km² 289,84065 pop./km²
20Valle d’Aosta3,263 km² 122,95537 pop./km²
Italy Regions Size by Area & Population plus Density

Italy Provinces Under Every Region

Italy’s regions oversee smaller administrative divisions called provinces. Here’s a list of the provinces falling under each of the 20 regions.

As of 2023, Italy’s territory is administratively divided into 110 provinces across its regions. These increased from 107 to 110 with the addition of 3 provinces in Sardinia (Source: ANSA). These are divided as follows.

In ordinary statute regions, there are:

In autonomous statute regions:

Additionally, Aosta Valley is the sole region not subdivided into provinces, as it carries out provincial competencies directly.

The110 Italian Provinces are: 

Below I am listing all the provinces abbreviations along with the full names.


1. Genova – GE
2. Imperia – IM
3. La Spezia – SP
4. Savona – SV


5. Alessandria – AL
6. Asti – AT
7. Biella – BI
8. Cuneo – CN
9. Novara – NO
10. Torino – TO
11. Verbano-Cusio-Ossola – VB
12. Vercelli – VC


13. Bergamo – BG
14. Brescia – BS
15. Como – CO
16. Cremona – CR
17. Lecco – LC
18. Lodi – LO
19. Mantova – MN
20. Milano – MI
21. Monza e Brianza – MB
22. Pavia – PV
23. Sondrio – SO
24. Varese – VA

Valle d’Aosta/Vallée d’Aoste:

25. Aosta/Aoste – A

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol:

26. Bolzano/Bozen – BZ
27. Trento – TN

Friuli-Venezia Giulia:

28. Gorizia – GO
29. Pordenone – PN
30. Trieste – TS
31. Udine – UD


32. Belluno – BL
33. Padova – PD
34. Rovigo – RO
35. Treviso – TV
36. Venezia – VE
37. Verona – VR
38. Vicenza – VI


39. Bologna – BO
40. Ferrara – FE
41. Forlì-Cesena – FC
42. Modena – MO
43. Parma – PR
44. Piacenza – PC
45. Ravenna – RA
46. Reggio Emilia – RE
47. Rimini – RN


48. Arezzo – AR
49. Firenze – FI
50. Grosseto – GR
51. Livorno – LI
52. Lucca – LU
53. Massa-Carrara – MS
54. Pisa – PI
55. Pistoia – PT
56. Prato – PO
57. Siena – SI


58. Perugia – PG
59. Terni – TR


60. Ancona – AN
61. Ascoli Piceno – AP
62. Fermo – FM
63. Macerata – MC
64. Pesaro e Urbino – PU


65. Frosinone – FR
66. Latina – LT
67. Rieti – RI
68. Roma – RM
69. Viterbo – VT


70. L’Aquila – AQ
71. Chieti – CH
72. Pescara – PE
73. Teramo – TE


74. Campobasso – CB
75. Isernia – IS


76. Avellino – AV
77. Benevento – BN
78. Caserta – CE
79. Napoli – NA
80. Salerno – SA


81. Bari – BA
82. Barletta-Andria-Trani – BT
83. Brindisi – BR
84. Foggia – FG
85. Lecce – LE
86. Taranto – TA


87. Matera – MT
88. Potenza – PZ


89. Catanzaro – CZ
90. Cosenza – CS
91. Crotone – KR
92. Reggio Calabria – RC
93. Vibo Valentia – VV


94. Agrigento – AG
95. Caltanissetta – CL
96. Catania – CT
97. Enna – EN
98. Messina – ME
99. Palermo – PA
100. Ragusa – RG
101. Siracusa – SR
102. Trapani – TP


103. Cagliari – CA
104. Carbonia-Iglesias – CI
105. Medio Campidano – VS
106. Nuoro – NU
107. Ogliastra – OG
108. Olbia-Tempio – OT
109. Oristano – OR
110. Sassari – SS

The 15 Italy Metropolitan Areas/Cities are:

  1. Bari
  2. Bologna
  3. Cagliari
  4. Catania
  5. Firenze
  6. Genova
  7. Messina
  8. Milano
  9. Napoli
  10. Palermo
  11. Reggio Calabria
  12. Roma
  13. Sassari
  14. Torino
  15. Venezia

The metropolitan cities increased from 14 to 15 in 2021 with the addition of Sassari as per regional law 7 of 12 April 2021 (source: Italian Wikipedia).

Italy Regions In Numbers

We’ve already covered essential background on Italy’s regions. In the next sections, we’ll do a deeper analysis by spotlighting which regions rank highest across various statistical measures – from economy to demographics and beyond.

Italy Richest Region 

Based on the data collected and analyzed by the Italian Department of Finance 2022 for the year basis 2021, the Italian region with the highest income is Lombardia (average income €26,620) followed by the Autonomous Province of Bolzano (average income €25,680).

Italy Poorest Region 

The same report above shares that Calabria was the region with the lowest average income at €16,300.

safest Italian region

Safest Regions in Italy

According to ISTAT, the Italian regions with less crime are Valle D’Aosta, Molise, Sardinia, and the Province of Bolzano.

Italian Region with the Highest Crime Rate

The same ISTAT report states that the Italian region with the highest number of serious crimes is Campania, followed by Lazio.

Italian Region with The Highest Tourism Rate

According to the Demoskopika report for the year 2022, the most visited region in Italy is Trentino Alto Adige, followed by Toscana and Emilia Romagna.

The region in Italy With the Most Births

According to ISTAT, the most fertile regions in Italy are Trentino Alto Adige followed by Sicily and Campania.

Regions in Italy with the Highest Death Rate 

ISTAT’s last report on mortality in Italy shows that as of October 2023, Lombardia recorded the highest number of deaths, at 88K for the current year. This number appears really high when compared to the second region in terms of mortality, Lazio with a total deceased number of nearly 49K.

Youngest & Oldest Regions in Italy

Campania continues to be the youngest region (average age of 43.6 years), while Liguria confirms itself as the oldest one (49.4 years) (Source: ISTAT).

Italy region with the most weddings

The region in Italy with the Most Weddings

Campania is the number one Italian region with the highest number of weddings.

The region in Italy with the Highest Divorce Rate

Valle d’Aosta records the highest number of divorces.

The region in Italy with Most Expats

These regions have the highest number of foreigners living in their territory: Lombardia (19%), followed by Lazio (11.7%) and Tuscany (9.8%). 

PS: If you are wondering, the total number of foreigners living in Italy as of January 2023 was just over 5 million (Source: Italian Ministry of Labor & Social Policies).

Italy region for best quality of life

The region in Italy with the Best Quality of Life

According to a survey carried out by Il Sole 24 Ore, Tuscany and Emilia Romagna offer the highest quality of life for children and adults under 35 years. Whereas Trentino Alto Adige is best for the more mature and elderly.

The region in Italy with the Highest Employment Rate

It’s no surprise that the regions with the highest employment rate are located in Northern Italy. These are Trentino Alto Adige and Valle D’Aosta as per the last available data from ISTAT.

The region in Italy with the Lowest Employment Rate

According to the same report above, Sicily and Calabria are the two regions with the highest unemployment rate.

The Best Regions To Visit In Italy

With so much diversity across Italy’s 20 regions, it can be hard to narrow down which ones to visit. If you’ve come across this article while seeking assistance in deciding which Italian regions to visit next, consider the information that follows. 

Below, I break down top destinations based on different interests – whether you love wine, food, nature, affordable travel, or more. Spotlighting the standout characteristics of each region provides a helpful starting point for mapping your Italian travels.

Italy coastal regions

Italian Coastal Regions

As Italy is a peninsula you’ll find that most regions have coastal cities and towns. Only 5 out of the 20 regions don’t have any coastline; these include Piemonte, Valle d’Aosta, Lombardia, Trentino Alto Adige, and Umbria.

The three regions with the longest coastlines are of course the two islands – Sardinia (1.8K km) and Sicily (1.5K km), and Puglia (829 km).

Italian Regions With Most Islands

Italy has only two islands that are regions – Sicily and Sardinia. However, Italy’s maritime territory includes over 800 islands. Over half of those islands, 462 exactly, belong to Sardinia. The second region with the most islands is Sicily with over 100 islands.

Italy Wine Regions

Italy’s most important wine regions in terms of production, or as we call them in Italian “regioni vinicole” are these six:

  1. Tuscany (red wines)
  2. Piemonte (red wines)
  3. Veneto (white & rosé wines)
  4. Sicily (white wines)
  5. Puglia (rosé wines)
  6. Emilia Romagna (rosé wines)

All those regions produce a variety of wines from whites to red and rosé. However, the best regions for white wines are Veneto and Sicily; Tuscany and Piedmont are most known for their red wines; for the best rosé wines head to Veneto.

Italy region for food

Italy Food Regions

This one is difficult because every Italian region is known to have delicious local specialties. However, let’s look at the ranking compiled by TasteFood. The top 5 are:

  1. Emilia-Romagna (4.5, on a scale from 1 to 5)
  2. Campania (4.5)
  3. Lazio (4.4)
  4. Lombardy (4.4)
  5. Sicily (4.3)

I am surprised that Lombardy managed to take a spot which in my opinion belongs to Tuscany.

Italy’s Greenest Regions & Cleanest Regions

With 19 green flags assigned by Legambiente, Piedmont was voted the greenest region in Italy for the amount of nature and sustainable environmental practices.

When it comes to emissions and energy consumption, the award goes to Campania.

Puglia is the region with the cleanest sea, followed by Sardinia.

The region with the best recycling practices is Veneto.

Italy’s Most Polluted Regions

The Pianura Padana is the area in Italy with the highest rate of pollution because it’s also the location of the most industrialized cities – Cremona, Milano, Monza, Mantova, and Padova are just a few.

Most Expensive Italian Regions

Nazione says that the Italian regions with the highest inflation rate are currently Liguria, Umbria, and Tuscany.

Inflation aside, Northern regions like Lombardia, Veneto, and Trentino Alto Adige tend to have higher prices than average, but they also have income levels.

Cheapest Regions in Italy

If you are looking for a budget-friendly destination in Italy, these are the regions where your money goes the furthest: Molise – which also happens to be the poorest region at the moment, Calabria and Sicily.

Italy Regions Profiles

In this final part of the article, I will dive deeper into each region to provide you with an overview of everything you might want to know. For the nitty-gritty details, make sure to read the separate region guides that will follow in individual articles.

liguria italy

Liguria: Italy’s Coastal Gem

What’s Liguria famous for?

Liguria is renowned for its stunning coastline, picturesque villages, and the iconic Cinque Terre. This region is also famous for producing high-quality olive oil and its delectable seafood cuisine.


Liguria enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers. The coastal areas experience milder temperatures, making it an attractive destination year-round.

Landscape / Topography

Liguria boasts a diverse landscape that includes rugged mountains, rolling hills, and a breathtaking coastline along the Ligurian Sea. The dramatic cliffs and colorful houses of the Cinque Terre are emblematic of Liguria’s unique charm.


Italian is the official language, but Ligurian, a Romance dialect, is also spoken in some areas, adding to the region’s cultural richness.


The economy of Liguria is driven by maritime activities, tourism, and the production of olive oil. The region’s strategic location has historically contributed to its importance in trade and commerce.


Genova (Genoa) serves as the capital of Liguria, a city with a rich maritime history, stunning architecture, and a bustling port.

Major Cities

Genova: Known for its historic center, vibrant port, and maritime heritage.

La Spezia: A gateway to the Cinque Terre, offering naval and cultural attractions.

Savona: Combines medieval charm with beautiful beaches and a lively atmosphere.

Attractions / Landmarks

Cinque Terre: Five colorful villages perched on the cliffs overlooking the sea.

Portofino: A glamorous resort town with a picturesque harbor and beautiful hiking trails.

Genoa’s Old Town: A UNESCO World Heritage Site featuring medieval architecture and vibrant markets.

Local Food

Ligurian cuisine is characterized by fresh seafood, aromatic herbs, and the use of high-quality olive oil. Pesto, focaccia, and seafood pasta are among the region’s culinary delights.

Who’s this region for?

Liguria is ideal for travelers seeking a mix of natural beauty, cultural richness, and delicious cuisine. It’s perfect for those who appreciate charming coastal towns, outdoor activities, and a taste of authentic Italian life.

Piemonte: Culinary & Alpine Splendor

What’s Piedmont Italy known for?

Piemonte is renowned for its exceptional wines, including Barolo and Barbaresco. The region is also known for its truffles, hazelnuts, and exquisite chocolate. Turin, the capital, has a rich cultural heritage and is a hub for automotive enthusiasts.


Piemonte experiences a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The vineyards benefit from the diverse microclimates, contributing to the production of high-quality wines.

Landscape / Topography

Nestled at the foot of the Alps, Piemonte’s landscape is characterized by rolling hills, vineyards, and charming villages. The region’s proximity to the mountains offers stunning alpine scenery, attracting nature enthusiasts.


Italian is the official language, but in some areas, particularly near the French border, Piedmontese, a Romance language, is also spoken.


Piemonte’s economy is diverse, with a focus on agriculture, viticulture, and manufacturing. Turin, a major industrial city, is known for its contributions to the automotive and aerospace industries.


Turin (Torino) is the capital of Piemonte, boasting a rich history, elegant architecture, and a thriving cultural scene.

Major Cities

Turin: A city of art and culture, home to historic palaces, museums, and the iconic Mole Antonelliana.

Asti: Famous for its sparkling wines and medieval festivals.

Alba: Known for its truffles, hazelnuts, and the annual White Truffle Fair.

Attractions / Landmarks

Sacra di San Michele: A medieval abbey perched on a mountain, offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

Langhe Wine Region: UNESCO-listed vineyards producing some of Italy’s finest wines.

Egyptian Museum of Turin: One of the most important collections of Egyptian artifacts outside Cairo.

Local Food

Piemonte is a paradise for food lovers. Enjoy truffle-infused dishes, rich wines, agnolotti pasta, and the famous Gianduja chocolate.

Who’s it for?

Piemonte is a haven for wine enthusiasts, foodies, and those seeking a blend of cultural richness and natural beauty. It’s perfect for travelers interested in exploring picturesque vineyards, indulging in gourmet delights, and immersing themselves in a region with a strong culinary and cultural identity.

milan galleria in the region of Lombardy aka Lombardia in italian

Lombardia: Urban Heart & Lakeside Charm

What’s Lombardy famous for?

Lombardia is celebrated for its dynamic city life, fashion, and finance. Milan, the regional capital, is a global fashion and design hub. The region is also renowned for the stunning Lakes Como and Garda and is a gastronomic delight with dishes like risotto and panettone.


Lombardia experiences a diverse climate. The plains have a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters, while the lake areas enjoy a milder climate. This climatic variety contributes to the region’s agricultural richness.

Landscape / Topography

From the bustling urban landscapes of Milan to the serene beauty of the lakes and the alpine scenery in the north, Lombardia offers a diverse topography. The lakeshores, surrounded by mountains, create a breathtaking backdrop.


Italian is the official language, but Lombard, a Romance language, is spoken in various dialects across the region.


Lombardia boasts a robust and diverse economy, with Milan being a global financial and fashion capital. The region is an industrial powerhouse, contributing significantly to finance, manufacturing, and design.


Milan, a global fashion and design capital, serves as the economic and cultural heart of Lombardia.

Major Cities

Milan: A cosmopolitan city known for its fashion, art, and iconic landmarks like the Duomo and La Scala.

Bergamo: A charming city with a historic upper town (Città Alta) and a vibrant cultural scene.

Como: Nestled on the shores of Lake Como, it’s famous for its picturesque landscapes and elegant villas.

Attractions / Landmarks

Duomo di Milano: The iconic cathedral, a masterpiece of Gothic architecture, dominating Milan’s skyline.

Lake Como: A stunning lake surrounded by mountains, dotted with charming towns and villas.

The Last Supper (Cenacolo Vinciano): Leonardo da Vinci’s famous mural housed in Milan’s Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie.

Local Food

Lombardia offers a delectable culinary experience. Indulge in creamy risotto, ossobuco (braised veal shanks), and the iconic Milanese panettone.

Who’s it for?

Lombardia is a magnet for fashion enthusiasts, art aficionados, and those seeking a blend of urban vibrancy and natural beauty. Whether exploring Milan’s chic boutiques, enjoying lakeside tranquility, or savoring exquisite cuisine, Lombardia caters to diverse tastes and interests.

Valle d’Aosta: Alpine Wonderland

What’s Valle d’Aosta famous for? 

Valle d’Aosta is renowned for its majestic Alpine landscapes, including iconic peaks like Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. The region is a haven for winter sports enthusiasts and is known for its rich cultural heritage and delicious local cheeses and wines.


Valle d’Aosta experiences an alpine climate with cold winters and mild summers. The mountainous terrain creates microclimates, contributing to the region’s diverse ecosystems.

Landscape / Topography 

Nestled in the heart of the Alps, Valle d’Aosta boasts breathtaking mountain scenery, pristine valleys, and charming alpine villages. The region is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts with skiing, hiking, and mountaineering opportunities.


Italian is the official language, but due to its proximity to France and Switzerland, French and Franco-Provençal dialects are also spoken.

Economy Valle d’Aosta’s economy is driven by tourism, agriculture, and traditional craftsmanship. The region’s Alpine resorts attract visitors year-round, while local products like Fontina cheese and wines contribute to the agricultural sector.

Capital Aosta, a city with Roman roots, serves as the capital of Valle d’Aosta, offering a blend of historical charm and alpine allure.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Valle d’Aosta delights the palate with savory dishes. Enjoy fondue, hearty soups, Fontina cheese, and locally produced wines.

Who’s it for? 

Valle d’Aosta is a haven for nature lovers, adventure seekers, and those captivated by Alpine beauty. Whether skiing in winter, hiking in summer, or exploring charming alpine villages, Valle d’Aosta offers a serene escape for those seeking both tranquility and outdoor excitement.

Seceda mountain top in the region of Trentino Sudtirol

Trentino Alto Adige: Dolomites Gateway

What’s Trentino Alto Adige famous for? 

Trentino Alto Adige is renowned for its stunning Alpine landscapes, including the Dolomites. The region is known for its German and Italian cultural influences, winter sports, and exceptional wines.


Trentino Alto Adige experiences an alpine climate, characterized by cold winters and mild summers. The region’s diverse topography contributes to microclimates that favor the cultivation of vineyards.

Landscape / Topography 

Nestled in the heart of the Dolomites, Trentino Alto Adige boasts dramatic mountain scenery, pristine lakes, and picturesque valleys. The region is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts, offering skiing, hiking, and water activities.


Both Italian and German are official languages in Trentino Alto Adige, reflecting the region’s dual cultural heritage. Ladin, a Romance language, is also spoken in some areas.


Trentino Alto Adige’s economy is driven by tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing. The region’s ski resorts attract visitors throughout the year, and local products like apples and wines contribute to its economic diversity.


Trento and Bolzano (Bozen) are the joint capitals of Trentino Alto Adige, each offering a blend of history, culture, and stunning landscapes.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Trentino Alto Adige delights the palate with a mix of Italian and Austrian influences. Enjoy hearty Alpine cuisine, apple-based dishes, speck (smoked ham), and exquisite wines.

Who’s it for? 

Trentino Alto Adige is perfect for nature lovers, adventure seekers, and those interested in exploring a region where Alpine beauty meets splendid medieval towns Whether skiing in the Dolomites, strolling through historic towns, or savoring diverse culinary delights, Trentino Alto Adige offers a unique and immersive experience.

If you are interested in Trentino, check out these guides: Seceda, Merano, Bressanone.

Friuli Venezia Giulia: Adriatic Elegance

What’s Friuli Venezia Giulia famous for? 

Friuli Venezia Giulia is celebrated for its unique blend of Italian, Slavic, and Austrian influences. The region boasts vibrant cultural diversity, world-class wines, and a stunning coastline along the Adriatic Sea.


Friuli Venezia Giulia experiences a temperate climate, with warm summers and cool winters. The proximity to the Adriatic Sea influences the region’s weather patterns, providing favorable conditions for vineyards.

Landscape / Topography 

Nestled between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps, Friuli Venezia Giulia features diverse landscapes, including coastal areas, rolling hills, and mountainous terrain. The region’s natural beauty is complemented by charming towns and historical sites.


Italian is the official language, but Friulian, Slovenian, and German are also spoken, reflecting the region’s multicultural heritage.


Friuli Venezia Giulia’s economy is driven by agriculture, viticulture, and manufacturing. The region is renowned for its white wines, particularly the Friulano variety, and its dedication to preserving traditional craftsmanship.


Trieste is the capital of Friuli Venezia Giulia, a city with a rich history, diverse architecture, and a prominent seaport.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Friuli Venezia Giulia is a gastronomic delight, offering dishes influenced by Italian, Slavic, and Austrian cuisines. Enjoy San Daniele prosciutto, frico (cheese and potato pancake), seafood from the Adriatic, and exquisite white wines.

Who’s it for? 

Friuli Venezia Giulia appeals to travelers seeking a crossroads of cultures, coastal beauty, and culinary excellence. Whether exploring historic sites, indulging in diverse cuisine, or enjoying the Adriatic coastline, this region caters to those with a taste for cultural richness and scenic diversity.

gondoliers in a Venice canal in the region of Veneto

Veneto: Romantic Canals & Historic Splendor

What’s Veneto famous for? 

Veneto is renowned for the romantic canals of Venice, the architectural marvel of Palladian villas, and the iconic prosecco wine. The region seamlessly blends historic richness with natural beauty.


Veneto experiences a diverse climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The coastal areas enjoy a Mediterranean influence, while the inland regions feature a more continental climate.

Landscape / Topography 

From the flatlands of the Po Delta to the picturesque hills of the Prosecco wine region and the stunning Dolomites, Veneto offers a varied topography. The enchanting canals of Venice contribute to the region’s unique charm.


Italian is the official language, and Venetian, a Romance dialect, is also spoken in various dialects.


Veneto’s economy is diverse, with a strong focus on agriculture, viticulture, manufacturing, and tourism. The region’s industrial and artisanal sectors contribute to its economic vitality.


Venice (Venezia) is the capital of Veneto, celebrated for its historic architecture, art, and the iconic Grand Canal.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Veneto offers a gastronomic journey with dishes like risotto, seafood from the Adriatic, cicchetti (Venetian tapas), and the world-famous tiramisu.

Who’s it for? 

Veneto caters to travelers seeking a mix of romantic ambiance, historic treasures, and diverse landscapes. Whether exploring the canals of Venice, savoring local wines, or admiring architectural masterpieces, Veneto provides a rich variety of experiences for cultural enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

Emilia-Romagna: Italy’s Food Capital

What’s Emilia-Romagna famous for? 

Emilia-Romagna is celebrated for its culinary excellence, producing Parmesan cheese, Prosciutto di Parma, and traditional balsamic vinegar. The region also boasts a rich cultural heritage with cities like Bologna and Ravenna.


Emilia-Romagna experiences a diverse climate, with coastal areas enjoying a Mediterranean influence and inland regions featuring a more continental climate. Summers are warm, and winters are mild.

Landscape / Topography 

The region’s landscape is characterized by fertile plains, rolling hills, and the Apennine Mountains. Emilia-Romagna’s countryside is dotted with vineyards, olive groves, and charming medieval villages.


Italian is the official language, and Emilian and Romagnol dialects are spoken in various areas.


Emilia-Romagna has a robust economy, with a strong emphasis on agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. The region is an industrial powerhouse, known for its automotive and food production sectors.


Bologna is the capital of Emilia-Romagna, renowned for its well-preserved medieval architecture, vibrant culture, and one of the oldest universities in the world.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Emilia-Romagna is a gastronomic paradise, offering dishes like handmade pasta (tagliatelle, tortellini), ragù sauce, piadina flatbread, and delectable cured meats and cheeses.

Who’s it for? 

Emilia-Romagna beckons to food enthusiasts, history buffs, and admirers of artistic heritage. Whether exploring medieval towns, indulging in exquisite cuisine, or experiencing the thrill of luxury cars, the region offers a harmonious blend of culinary craftsmanship and cultural richness.

florence to tuscany guide

Tuscany: The Homeland of Artists & Wines

What’s Tuscany famous for? 

Tuscany is renowned for its iconic landscapes, historic cities, and contributions to art and culture. The region is home to Florence, the birthplace of the Renaissance, and boasts exquisite wines like Chianti.


Tuscany experiences a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coastal areas enjoy a maritime influence, while inland regions feature a more continental climate.

Landscape / Topography 

The picturesque landscape of Tuscany is characterized by rolling hills, cypress-lined avenues, and vineyards. Olive groves, charming medieval towns, and iconic cities define the region’s diverse topography.


Italian is the official language, and various Tuscan dialects are spoken in local communities.


Tuscany’s economy is multifaceted, with a strong emphasis on agriculture, particularly wine production. The region also thrives on tourism, showcasing its cultural and natural treasures.


Florence (Firenze) serves as the capital of Tuscany, renowned for its art, architecture, and cultural significance.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Tuscan cuisine delights with dishes like ribollita soup, bistecca alla Fiorentina (Florentine steak), pappa al pomodoro, and local wines, including Chianti and Brunello di Montalcino.

Who’s it for? 

Tuscany beckons to art enthusiasts, wine connoisseurs, and those seeking a blend of natural beauty and cultural richness. Whether exploring medieval towns, savoring world-class wines, or admiring Renaissance masterpieces, Tuscany offers an enchanting journey through time.

Before you travel to Tuscany read more about these:

Umbria: Italy’s Green Heart

What’s Umbria famous for? 

Umbria is celebrated for its peaceful landscapes, medieval hilltop towns, and cultural heritage. The region is known as the “Green Heart of Italy” for its lush scenery.


Umbria experiences a continental climate with hot summers and cool winters. The region’s central location shields it from extreme temperatures, creating a pleasant environment.

Landscape / Topography 

The scenic landscape of Umbria features rolling hills, vineyards, and olive groves. Charming medieval towns perch atop hills, offering panoramic views of the surrounding countryside.


Italian is the official language spoken in Umbria, reflecting the broader linguistic diversity of Italy.


Umbria’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, with a focus on wine and olive oil production. Tourism plays a significant role, drawing visitors to the region’s historic sites and natural beauty.


Perugia serves as the capital of Umbria, showcasing a blend of Etruscan and medieval influences.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Umbrian cuisine features hearty dishes like strangozzi pasta, porchetta, and truffle-infused specialties. Local wines, such as Sagrantino, complement the regional culinary experience.

Who’s it for? 

Umbria appeals to travelers seeking a tranquil escape, history enthusiasts, and those interested in savoring authentic Italian flavors. The region’s timeless charm, cultural richness, and pastoral landscapes create an ideal setting for a peaceful and immersive journey.

Marche region in Italy

Marche: Medieval and Seaside Splendor

What’s Marche famous for? 

Marche is renowned for its diverse landscapes, encompassing pristine beaches along the Adriatic Sea and rolling hills dotted with medieval villages. The region is also celebrated for its rich cultural heritage.


Marche experiences a varied climate, with coastal areas enjoying a Mediterranean influence and inland regions characterized by a more continental climate. Summers are warm, and winters are mild.

Landscape / Topography 

The geography of Marche features a stunning blend of coastal plains, rolling hills, and the rugged Apennine Mountains. Picturesque towns and cities dot the landscape, offering a mix of coastal and mountainous experiences.


Italian is the official language spoken in Marche.


Agriculture plays a significant role in Marche’s economy, with a focus on vineyards, olive groves, and the cultivation of cereals. The region also boasts a strong tradition of craftsmanship, particularly in shoemaking and leather goods.


Ancona serves as the capital of Marche, a bustling port city with a rich maritime history.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Marche’s cuisine showcases a variety of seafood dishes, cured meats, and handmade pasta, such as vincisgrassi. Local wines, like Verdicchio, complement the region’s gastronomic offerings.

Who’s it for? 

Marche is a destination for those seeking a balanced blend of coastal relaxation, cultural exploration, and outdoor activities. Whether you’re drawn to historic cities, pristine beaches, or the tranquil countryside, Marche offers a diverse and enriching experience for travelers with varied interests.

rome colosseum lazio

Lazio: Echoes of the Romans

What’s Lazio famous for? 

Lazio is renowned for its iconic capital, Rome, which houses a treasure trove of ancient monuments, including the Colosseum, Roman Forum, and Vatican City. The region is also known for its picturesque lakes and charming hilltop towns.


Lazio experiences a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Coastal areas benefit from sea breezes, while the inland regions offer a more temperate climate.

Landscape / Topography 

The landscape of Lazio is diverse, featuring coastal plains, rolling hills, and volcanic terrain. The region is home to the famous Lake Bracciano and Lake Bolsena, offering scenic escapes from urban life.


Italian is the official language spoken in Lazio, with the characteristic Roman accent adding a unique flavor to the local dialect.


Lazio’s economy is diverse, driven by sectors such as tourism, services, and agriculture. Rome, as a global city, contributes significantly to the region’s economic activities.


Rome, the Eternal City, serves as both the capital of Lazio and Italy. It stands as a living testament to millennia of history, art, and culture.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Lazio’s culinary scene is rich in traditional Roman dishes, including pasta carbonara, cacio e pepe, and Roman-style artichokes. The region also produces excellent wines, such as Frascati.

Who’s it for? 

Lazio appeals to history enthusiasts, art lovers, and anyone captivated by the grandeur of ancient Rome. Whether you’re exploring the ancient ruins of the Roman Empire, marveling at Renaissance masterpieces, or savoring authentic Roman cuisine, Lazio offers a captivating journey through time and culture.

Abruzzo: Mountains and Serene Coastline

What’s Abruzzo famous for? 

Abruzzo is renowned for its diverse landscapes, ranging from the towering peaks of the Apennines to the pristine Adriatic coastline. The region is also known for its medieval villages, rich wildlife, and traditional craftsmanship.


Abruzzo experiences a varied climate, with mountainous areas having a colder, alpine climate, and the coastal areas enjoying a milder Mediterranean climate. This diversity makes Abruzzo a year-round destination.

Landscape / Topography 

The landscape of Abruzzo is characterized by the rugged Apennine Mountains, expansive national parks like Gran Sasso, and picturesque coastal areas. The region’s diverse topography offers opportunities for both mountain adventures and seaside relaxation.


Italian is the official language spoken in Abruzzo. However, in some remote areas, particularly among older generations, the Abruzzese dialect may be heard.


Agriculture, particularly wine production, plays a significant role in Abruzzo’s economy. Tourism, centered around its natural beauty and historical sites, is also a vital economic driver.


L’Aquila, nestled in the Apennines, serves as the capital of Abruzzo. The city boasts a mix of medieval and Renaissance architecture.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Abruzzo’s cuisine highlights locally produced ingredients. Try dishes like arrosticini (grilled lamb skewers), pasta alla chitarra, and Montepulciano d’Abruzzo wines.

Who’s it for? 

Abruzzo appeals to nature lovers, hikers, and those seeking an authentic Italian experience away from the crowds. Whether you’re exploring mountain trails, lounging on pristine beaches, or savoring hearty local dishes, Abruzzo invites you to discover its unspoiled beauty.

beautiful town in the region of Molise

Molise: Italy’s Hidden Gem of Tranquility

What’s Molise famous for? 

Molise is celebrated for its untouched landscapes, charming villages, and a serene atmosphere that feels like a step back in time. The region is often overlooked, earning it a reputation as Italy’s best-kept secret.


Molise experiences a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild winters. Its inland location shields it from the intense coastal heat, creating a pleasant environment.

Landscape / Topography 

Nestled between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea, Molise boasts a diverse landscape. Rolling hills dotted with vineyards, lush forests, and historic towns characterize the region, offering a picturesque setting.


Italian is the official language spoken in Molise. In local communities, the Molisan dialect may still be heard, reflecting the region’s cultural richness.


Agriculture, particularly the cultivation of grains, olives, and grapes, plays a significant role in Molise’s economy. The region is also known for traditional crafts and artisanal products.


Campobasso, located in the interior of Molise, serves as the regional capital. The city is known for its medieval architecture and panoramic views.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Molise’s cuisine emphasizes simple and flavorful dishes. Enjoy specialties like cavatelli pasta, lamb dishes, and extra virgin olive oil produced from the region’s olive groves.

Who’s it for? 

Molise is perfect for travelers seeking a peaceful retreat, away from bustling tourist spots. If you appreciate tranquil landscapes, historical charm, and a slower pace of life, Molise welcomes you to explore its hidden corners and experience the authenticity of a lesser-known Italian region.

Campania: Gastronomic and Coastal Gem

What’s Campania famous for? 

Campania is renowned for its rich history, including the ancient city of Pompeii and the legendary Amalfi Coast. The region is also famous for Naples, known for its pizza, and the stunning islands of Capri and Ischia.


Campania experiences a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coastal areas enjoy a pleasant maritime influence, making it an attractive destination year-round.

Landscape / Topography 

The region is characterized by diverse landscapes, from the rugged Amalfi Coast and picturesque islands to the fertile plains around Naples and the iconic Mount Vesuvius towering over the Bay of Naples.


Italian is the official language spoken in Campania. However, in some communities, local dialects may still be heard.


Campania’s economy is diverse, with agriculture, tourism, and commerce playing key roles. The region is famous for its agricultural products, including tomatoes and lemons.


Naples (Napoli) is the regional capital and the third-largest city in Italy. Naples is a cultural hub, boasting historical sites, vibrant street life, and a unique culinary tradition.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Campanian cuisine is a culinary delight. Indulge in Neapolitan pizza, pasta dishes like spaghetti alle vongole, fresh seafood, and the famous limoncello.

Who’s it for? 

Campania is perfect for history enthusiasts, beach lovers, and foodies. Whether you’re exploring ancient ruins, enjoying the coastal scenery, or savoring authentic Italian cuisine, Campania offers a diverse and unforgettable experience.

coastal zone in Puglia

Puglia: Extra Virgin Olive Oil Excellence

What’s Puglia famous for? 

Puglia is renowned for its charming historic towns, picturesque coastal landscapes, and unique conical-roofed trulli houses. The region is also known for its olive oil production and beautiful beaches.


Puglia experiences a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coastal areas enjoy refreshing sea breezes, providing a pleasant atmosphere for visitors.

Landscape / Topography 

The region’s landscape is characterized by olive groves, vineyards, and the iconic trulli houses in Alberobello. Puglia boasts a diverse coastline, with sandy beaches, limestone cliffs, and crystal-clear waters.


Italian is the official language spoken in Puglia. However, in some rural areas, local dialects may still be spoken.


Puglia’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, with a focus on olive oil production, wine-making, and traditional crafts. The region is also becoming increasingly popular for tourism.


Bari is the regional capital and a bustling port city with a historic old town, a vibrant street life, and a rich maritime heritage.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Apulian cuisine is a delightful blend of fresh seafood, handmade pasta, olive oil, and locally grown vegetables. Try orecchiette pasta, taralli snacks, and the famous Apulian olive oil.

Who’s it for? 

Puglia is perfect for travelers seeking a mix of history, culture, and stunning coastal landscapes. Whether you’re exploring charming historic towns, relaxing on beautiful beaches, or indulging in delicious regional cuisine, Puglia offers a unique and enchanting experience.

Basilicata: Untamed Landscapes

What’s Basilicata famous for? 

Basilicata is known for its rugged landscapes, ancient cave dwellings in Matera, and the mystical allure of its historic towns. The region offers a unique blend of cultural heritage and natural beauty.


Basilicata experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The region’s inland areas boast mountainous terrain and pristine national parks.

Landscape / Topography 

The landscape of Basilicata is marked by rolling hills, deep valleys, and the iconic Sassi caves in Matera. The region is also home to expansive forests, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts.


Italian is the official language spoken in Basilicata. Local dialects may also be present, reflecting the region’s diverse cultural influences.


Basilicata’s economy is based on agriculture, particularly olive cultivation, and traditional craftsmanship. The region is known for its high-quality olive oil and artisanal products.


Potenza serves as the regional capital, perched atop a hill and offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Basilicata’s cuisine is characterized by simple yet flavorful dishes. Enjoy local pasta varieties, artisanal cheeses, and traditional recipes passed down through generations such as Pane di Matera, Podolico Caciocavallo, and Peperoni Cruschi.

Who’s it for? 

Basilicata is ideal for travelers seeking a blend of cultural immersion and natural exploration. Whether wandering through the ancient streets of Matera or hiking in the unspoiled beauty of Pollino National Park, Basilicata offers a journey into Italy’s rich history and pristine landscapes.

Calabria: Sun-Kissed Shores & Peperoncino

What’s Calabria famous for? 

Calabria is renowned for its stunning coastline, ancient Greek ruins, and vibrant cultural heritage. The region is home to some of Italy’s most beautiful beaches and a rich culinary tradition.


Calabria enjoys a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coastal areas boast pristine beaches, while the rugged inland terrain offers a contrasting landscape.

Landscape / Topography 

Calabria’s landscape is diverse, featuring sandy beaches along the Tyrrhenian and Ionian coasts, rugged mountains, and charming villages perched on hillsides. The Aspromonte National Park showcases the region’s natural beauty.


Italian is the official language spoken in Calabria. Local dialects may also be heard, reflecting the region’s historical influences.


Calabria’s economy is based on agriculture, with olive and citrus cultivation playing a significant role. Tourism, particularly along the coastline, contributes to the region’s economic vitality.


Catanzaro serves as the regional capital, nestled in the hills and offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Calabrian cuisine is marked by bold flavors and local ingredients. Indulge in spicy ‘Nduja sausage, Calabrese pasta dishes, and citrus-infused sweets.

Who’s it for? 

Calabria beckons travelers seeking a balance between cultural exploration and seaside relaxation. Whether exploring ancient ruins, basking on sun-drenched beaches, or savoring spicy local delicacies, Calabria offers an authentic taste of Southern Italian charm.

Palermo square in Sicily

Sicily: Volcanoes and Mediterranean Splendor

What’s Sicily famous for? 

Sicily is renowned for its rich historical tapestry, dominated by ancient Greek ruins, Baroque architecture, and the towering presence of Mount Etna. The island is also celebrated for its diverse landscapes, from golden beaches to fertile valleys.


Sicily boasts a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Coastal areas enjoy a temperate climate, while inland regions showcase the influence of Mount Etna.

Landscape / Topography 

Sicily’s landscape is incredibly varied, featuring fertile plains, rolling hills, and dramatic mountains. The island is graced with picturesque coastlines, including sandy beaches and rugged cliffs. Mount Etna, Europe’s highest and most active volcano, dominates the eastern skyline.


Italian is the official language spoken in Sicily. Additionally, Sicilian, a distinct Romance dialect, is widely used in daily life and reflects the island’s cultural identity.


Agriculture plays a vital role in Sicily’s economy, with citrus fruits, olives, and grapes being major crops. Tourism is also significant, drawing visitors with its historical sites, natural wonders, and culinary delights.


Palermo, a vibrant city with a mix of architectural styles, serves as the regional capital of Sicily.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Sicilian cuisine is a fusion of flavors influenced by its diverse history. Delight in arancini (rice balls), cannoli, fresh seafood, and pasta dishes featuring local ingredients.

Who’s it for? 

Sicily captivates travelers with a passion for history, diverse landscapes, and vibrant cultures. Whether exploring ancient ruins, trekking on volcanoes, lying on a beach, or savoring the island’s culinary delights, Sicily offers an immersive journey into the heart of the Mediterranean.

Sardinia: Enchanting Coasts and Traditions

What’s Sardinia famous for? 

Sardinia is renowned for its stunning coastline, characterized by turquoise waters and white sandy beaches. The island is also home to thousands of ancient Nuragic structures, including the iconic Nuraghe towers.


Sardinia enjoys a Mediterranean climate, featuring hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coastal areas benefit from the cooling influence of the sea, providing pleasant conditions for visitors.

Landscape / Topography 

The landscape of Sardinia is diverse, encompassing picturesque beaches, rugged cliffs, and rolling hills. Inland, the island is dotted with Nuragic towers and archaeological sites, offering a journey through ancient history.


Italian is the official language spoken in Sardinia, but the island has a distinct regional dialect. Additionally, Catalan is spoken in the Alghero region, reflecting historical influences.


Traditionally focused on agriculture and pastoral activities, Sardinia’s economy has diversified with the growth of tourism. The island attracts visitors with its natural beauty, historical sites, and unique cultural traditions.


Cagliari serves as the capital of Sardinia, offering a blend of historical charm and modern vibrancy.

Major Cities

Attractions / Landmarks

Local Food 

Sardinian cuisine highlights local produce and traditional flavors. Savor pecorino cheese, culurgiones (stuffed pasta), and seadas (sweet pastries with cheese and honey).

Who’s it for? 

Sardinia beckons to those seeking pristine beaches, archaeological wonders, and a taste of authentic island life. Whether exploring ancient ruins, lounging on idyllic shores, or savoring local delicacies, Sardinia promises a journey into the heart of the Mediterranean.

Italy Regions Quiz

Ready to test your knowledge of Italy’s Regions? Take this fun and quick quiz.

1. How many official regions are there in Italy?

   a) 15

   b) 18 

   c) 20

   d) 25

2. Which region has the most islands?

   a) Sardinia  

   b) Sicily

   c) Campania

   d) Lazio

3. What is the capital of the Piedmont region?

   a) Florence 

   b) Milan

   c) Turin

   d) Genoa

4. Which of these regions has special autonomous status?

   a) Marche

   b) Molise

   c) Friuli-Venezia Giulia 

   d) Basilicata

5. What is Italy’s northernmost region among these?

   a) Piedmont

   b) Valle d’Aosta 

   c) Veneto

   d) Tuscany

6. Which region is home to Rome?

    a) Tuscany

    b) Lazio

    c) Campania

    d) Marche

7. Which region is home to the Leaning Tower of Pisa?

   a) Tuscany

   b) Lombardy 

   c) Lazio

   d) Campania

8. Which region is home to the Dolomites mountain range? 

   a) Valle d’Aosta  

   b) Trentino-Alto Adige

   c) Umbria

   d) Marche

9. What is Sicily’s capital city?

   a) Catania

   b) Syracuse 

   c) Palermo

   d) Messina

10. The region of Molise was formed when it split from which other region?

    a) Campania

    b) Apulia

    c) Abruzzo

    d) Basilicata

Answers: 1c, 2a, 3c, 4c, 5a, 6b, 7a, 8b, 9c, 10c.

Final Thoughts On The 20 Regions Of Italy

After this epic excursion across Italy’s 20 magnificent regions, whether you’re a traveler planning your next adventure or a data enthusiast diving into the statistics, I’ve endeavored to provide a comprehensive exploration. From the grandeur of Rome to secret Sicilian beaches, Italy rewards those who take the time to explore its regional diversity.

Beyond notable cities and landmarks, each area has generations-old tales to tell through its architecture, dialects, landscapes, and more. We hope spotlighting key regional statistics, histories, and attractions has provided deeper insight into the Italian peninsula’s endless layers.

Whether you’re setting your sights on the promised prosecco paradise of Veneto or exploring the data-driven details of each region, Italy delivers something special around every turn. By better understanding the regional nuances that color this country, your travels and explorations here gain fresh meaning. And so the adventure continues, discovering Italy region by enchanting region, firsthand!

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 15 regions of Italy?

The regions of Italy are 20 and not 15. However, there are 15 ordinary regions and these include: Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto, Liguria, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria, Marche, Lazio, Abruzzo, Campania, Basilicata, Puglia, Calabria and Molise. The special regions are Sicily, Sardinia, Trentino Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Aosta Valley.

How is Italy split up?

Italy is split into 20 administrative regions. Five of these have special autonomous status granting them more legislative power and budgetary independence.

What are all the provinces of Italy? 

Italy has 110 provinces within its 20 regions used for administrative purposes. 

Are there 20 or 21 regions in Italy?

There are 20 official regions in Italy. This includes the 5 regions with special autonomous status.

What are the 5 special regions of Italy?

The five autonomous regions of Italy are Sicily, Sardinia, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Valle d’Aosta. They have special status and additional powers.  

What are the rich and poorer regions of Italy?

Italy’s more prosperous regions in the north include Lombardy and Trentino-Alto Adige. Southern regions like Campania, Sicily and Calabria have weaker economies and higher unemployment.  

What is the smallest region in Italy?

Valle d’Aosta is the smallest region in Italy by land area at 3,263 km2.  

What region is Rome in?

Rome is the capital city located in the region of Lazio in west-central Italy along the Tyrrhenian Sea.

What region is Lake Como in? 

Lake Como is situated in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy, near the borders of Switzerland.  

What is the oldest Italian region? 

Sardinia is considered the oldest Italian region geologically. It separated from mainland Europe millions of years ago and has some of the world’s oldest rock formations. However, politically speaking, Sicily was the first region to be formed.

Are Abruzzo and Molise the same region?

No, Abruzzo and Molise used to be a single region but were split into separate regions in 1963. They retain linguistic and cultural similarities.  

Which are the Northern Italian Regions?

The regions of Northern Italy include: Piedmont, Aosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, and Trentino-Alto Adige.

Which regions are in the boot of Italy? 

The Italian “boot” includes all the southern mainland regions: Campania, Basilicata, Puglia, and Calabria.

Which part of Italy has the best regional cuisine in Italy?

Regions most renowned for their food and wine include Sicily (seafood, sweets), Naples and Campania (pizza, pasta), Emilia-Romagna (prosciutto, parmesan), Tuscany (ribollita, bistecca), and Piedmont (white truffles, wine).

Which languages are spoken across all Italian regions?

The official language is Italian, and it’s spoken across all regions. Many regions/cities also have their own local dialects and some regions bordering other countries have co-official languages – for example, German and Ladin in Trentino-Alto Adige, and Italian and French in Valle d’Aosta.

Is the region of Sicily the largest island in the Mediterranean?

Yes, the Italian region of Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. 

What is mainland Italy?

Mainland Italy refers to the norther, central and southern regions of the country located on the Italian peninsula. It excludes the islands of Sicily and Sardinia.

Which region is called the “green heart of Italy”?  

Umbria is known as Italy’s “green heart” because of its lush, hilly landscapes and dense forests compared to surrounding regions. Over 60% of Umbria’s land is wooded or covered in vegetation. 

Which is the best Italian region to live in?

According to a survey carried out by Il Sole 24 Ore, the 3 best Italian regions for quality of life are Tuscany, Emilia Romagna, and Trentino Alto Adige.

Which regions in Italy are the most visited by Italians?

Italians prefer to spend their Summer holidays in these central and southern regions – Tuscany, Emilia Romagna, Puglia, Campania, Sicily and Sardinia. In Winter, they go to Trentino Alto Adige.

Alessia Spampinato