Italian are verbs lesson and conjugation

Regular Italian Are Verbs Conjugation Lesson



Learning Italian verbs can seem daunting, but mastering the most common verbs ending in “-are” is key to unlocking fluency. In this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know to confidently conjugate over 4000 regular “are” verbs.

I’ll provide conjugation charts, examples, fill-in-the-blank exercises, and more to help you memorize these versatile verbs that can be used in multiple tenses. 

(meaning shall we start?, from the regular -are verb incominciare)

Italian Are Verbs Overview

With over 4000 different ones, Italian are verbs make up the majority of Italian verbs. That’s why they are referred to as the verbs of the first conjugation (prima coniugazione).

Most of the Italian verbs ending in -are are regular. This means that they conjugate themselves following the same system, and using the same endings, depending on the person, tense, and mood.

It also means that you can learn the majority of Italian verbs pretty easily by learning one full conjugation and then changing the root or stem of the verb.

That’s exactly what we will be doing in this lesson.

Italian Are Verbs List

Below is a list of the most common Italian verbs ending in are. You can start learning and practicing the -are conjugation system using these. We will also be using these verbs for the examples in this article.

Italian Are Verbs Conjugation (Prima Coniugazione)

The endings in the chart below apply to all regular verbs ending in are, including the verbs above.

Italian Are Verbs conjugation
Italian Are Verbs Conjugation

Italian Are Verbs Root

You might be asking yourself what’s the root of a verb and how do you know you have the right one. Let me explain.

Let’s take the verb abitare (to live).

Abitare is the infinitive of the verb

Abit is the root (radice in Italian)

-are is the ending (desinenza in Italian)

For regular verbs ending in are, you get the root by removing the -are ending from the infinitive in the present tense.

Let’s practice:

Amare – the root is am

Parlare – the root is parl

Cercare – the root is cerc

Ordinare – the root is ord

Pagare – the root is pag

Once you have the root of a regular verb, you simply have to pluck it in the conjugation model above and you’ve got all modes and tenses figured out.

We’ll practice doing this for 3 verbs right after we look at a few examples.

Examples Of Italian Are Verbs

Let’s revise the conjugation we just learned with these examples.

Presente (Present)

Io abito in centro. (I live downtown.)

Tu compri una macchina nuova. (You buy a new car.) 

Lui impara l’italiano. (He learns Italian.)

Noi parliamo inglese. (We speak English.)

Imperfetto (Imperfect)

Io guardavo la televisione ieri sera. (I was watching television yesterday evening.)

Tu ascoltavi la radio in macchina. (You were listening to the radio in the car.)

Lei cercava le chiavi ovunque. (She was looking for the keys everywhere.)  

Noi ordinavamo una pizza margherita. (We were ordering a margherita pizza.)

Futuro (Future) 

Io visiterò il Colosseo domani. (I will visit the Colosseum tomorrow.)

Tu ballerai tutta la notte alla festa. (You will dance all night at the party.)

Lui pagherà il conto alla fine. (He will pay the bill at the end.)

Noi andremo in vacanza in estate. (We will go on vacation in the summer.)

Passato remoto (Historical Past)

Io arrivai in ritardo all’appuntamento. (I arrived late to the appointment.) 

Tu cominciasti senza aspettare gli altri. (You began without waiting for the others.)

Lei dimagrì molto quell’anno. (She lost a lot of weight that year.)

Noi vincemmo la partita di calcio. (We won the soccer game.)

Passato prossimo (Present Perfect)

Io ho finito i compiti. (I finished the homework.)

Tu hai perso le chiavi di casa. (You lost your house keys.)

Lui ha rotto il braccio giocando a calcio. (He broke his arm playing soccer.)  

Noi abbiamo mangiato al ristorante ieri. (We ate at the restaurant yesterday.)

Condizionale (Conditional)

Io preparerei una torta per il tuo compleanno. (I would prepare a cake for your birthday.) 

Berresti un bicchiere di vino con la cena? (Would you drink a glass of wine with dinner?)

Lei leggerebbe quel libro se ne avesse il tempo. (She would read that book if she had time.)

Noi andremmo alla tua festa, ma siamo occupati. (We would go to your party, but we are busy.)

Visitare Conjugation

In the chart below, we are applying the Italian first conjugation model to the regular verb visitare. The root is visit-.

Visitare conjugation
Visitare conjugation

Mangiare Conjugation

In the chart below, we are applying the Italian first conjugation model to the regular verb mangiare. If we remove the infinitive ending are, the root is mangi-.

Mangiare conjugation
Mangiare conjugation

Parlare Conjugation

In the chart below, we are applying the Italian first conjugation model to the regular verb parlare. The root is parl-.

Parlare conjugation
Parlare conjugation

Irregular Italian Are Verbs

There are a few Italian verbs ending in are that are irregular, and don’t follow the conjugation chart above.

I have created a separate lesson for each, which covers grammar, uses, meanings, and conjugation. These are:

Practice The Are Verbs Conjugation 

Practice the are verb conjugation with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises.

  1. Io _______ (cercare) il mio libro ovunque. (presente)
  2. Tu _______ (mangiare) la pizza con gusto. (presente)
  3. Marco e Laura _______ (parlare) con il professore. (passato prossimo)
  4. Noi _______ (ascoltare) la musica ogni giorno. (imperfetto)
  5. Voi _______ (lavorare) molto duramente. (futuro semplice)
  6. Tu _______ (portare) sempre la tua borsa a scuola. (presente)
  7. Maria e Luca _______ (guardare) un film al cinema. (passato remoto)
  8. Io _______ (mangiare) la pasta ieri sera. (passato prossimo)
  9. Tu _______ (cercare) la tua chiave in casa? (presente)
  10. Noi _______ (parlare) con gli amici ieri sera. (passato prossimo)

{Answers: cerco, mangi, hanno parlato, ascoltavamo, lavorerete, porti, guardarono, ho mangiato, cerchi, abbiamo parlato.}

Final Thoughts On Italian Verbs Ending In Are

As you can see, most Italian “-are” verbs follow a simple and predictable pattern, making them easy to learn. Focus on memorizing the conjugation model provided, along with the high-frequency regular verbs.

Additionally, be sure to spend time on the 4 main irregular “-are” verbs
Andare Lesson
Stare Lesson
Fare Lesson
Dare Lesson

Though they require individual memorization, mastery of these irregular verbs will allow you to build sentences and hold conversations. 

With regular practice conjugating both regular and irregular “are” verbs, you’ll notice dramatic improvements in your verbal fluency. Use the techniques here to unlock one of the key foundations for speaking smooth, confident Italian.

Once you are ready to study more verbs, check out this -Ire Verbs Lesson and -Ere Verbs Guide.

Are Verbs FAQ

What are the verbs ending in are in Italian?

Verbs ending in -are in Italian are known as first conjugation or -are verbs. There are over 4,000 regular -are verbs in Italian, making this the largest group of verbs.

What are the three verb endings in Italian? 

The three verb endings in Italian are:

– -are (first conjugation verbs)
– -ere (second conjugation verbs) 
– -ire (third conjugation verbs)

What’s the infinitive form of the verb to sing in Italian?

The infinitive form of the verb to sing in Italian is cantare.

How are ere and -ire verbs different from are verbs in Italian?

-are verbs are regular and follow a consistent conjugation pattern in all tenses. -ere and -ire verbs are more irregular and have more unpredictable conjugations.

What are examples of present progressive with Italian verbs ending in are?

Sto cercando le mie chiavi. (I am looking for my keys.)
Stiamo studiando l’italiano. (We are studying Italian.)
State ballando tutta la notte. (You are dancing all night.)

What are key rules about Italian regular verbs ending in -are?

– The root ends in -a. To get it, remove -are from the infinitive.
– Verbs follow consistent conjugation patterns.
– Irregular -are verbs include: andare, stare, dare, fare.

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