Italian andare conjugation and grammar lesson

Andare Verb Lesson For Beginners + Full Verb Conjugation

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Learning verbs is very important when you study a new language. One of the most useful Italian verbs to know is “andare”, which means “to go”. Knowing the Italian andare conjugation allows you to talk about where you are going, what you are going to do, and more.

This article will teach you all about the verb “andare” step-by-step. You will learn how to conjugate it in the present, past, and future tenses. There are also examples of “andare” used in sentences.

We’ll start with the basics, and later cover the intricacies – including the full conjugation from the indicativo to conditional and subjunctive mood. By the end, you will be comfortable using this essential Italian verb.



Andare Irregular Verb Overview

Andare Meaning

Andare means to go, usually to go somewhere, which implies the underlying question of where.

It’s a beautiful, interesting, and very useful verb to know when you start to learn the language and speak in Italian.

You’ll soon see what I mean.


Type of Verb

Let’s revise the auxiliary verb rule in Italian.


Most transitive verbs, that is those verbs that can answer the what question (eating what, doing what, giving what), take the auxiliary verb avere.

Intransitive verbs can’t answer the question of who/what. These verbs normally take the auxiliary verb essere.

With this rule in mind, once I tell you the type of verb, you’ll automatically know which helper verb to use for your passato prossimo and other compound past tenses.


Andare is an irregular and intransitive verb. It takes the auxiliary essere, not avere.

What makes it irregular?

  1. The infinitive and the conjugation roots don’t match.
  2. The formation of different tenses doesn’t follow the regular rules


Italian andare conjugation example 1
“A me piace andare al cinema da solo.” (I enjoy going to the cinema alone)


Andare Uses

Earlier I told you that andare usually implies the question dove (where), when it’s used to mean to go somewhere.


Examples:

Io vado al cinema. – I go to the cinema.

Andiamo a casa? – Shall we go home?

Luisa è andata a scuola. – Luisa has gone to school.


You can see how all the examples above answer the question where.

However, andare can also be used with another verb. In that case, it implies to go do something. So the underlying question would be go do what, andare a fare che cosa?


Examples:

Fammi andare a studiare. – Let me go study.

La mamma è andata a lavare i vestiti. – Mum has gone to wash the clothes.

Papa è andato a comprare il pane. – Dad has gone to buy the bread.


Other uses of andare:

  1. Andare a trovare – to go visit
  2. Andare via – to leave
  3. Andare d’accordo – to get along
  4. Andare pazzo – to go crazy
  5. Mi va un cornetto – I feel like a croissant.


Examples:

  1. Andiamo dalla nonna oggi? – Are we going to visit Grandma today?
  2. Ciao, vado via. – Buy, I am leaving.
  3. Vai d’accordo con tua sorella? – Do you get along with your sister?
  4. Io vado pazzo per il cioccolato. – I am crazy about chocolate.
  5. Ti va un aperitivo? – Would you like an aperitivo?



Italian andare conjugation example 2
“Vuoi andare al mare o in montagna?” (Do you want to go to the beach or the mountain?)


Italian Andare Conjugation – Beginner Tenses

Like in all my verb lessons, I suggest we start learning only a few modes and tenses. Later on, you can then learn the others using the chart below.

These beginner tenses are:

  1. Present tense
  2. Imperfect
  3. Passato Prossimo (Present Perfect)
  4. Future tense
  5. Infinitive present and past
  6. Past participle


Andare Present Tense

Io vado
Tu vai
Lui/Lei va
Noi andiamo
Voi andate
Loro vanno

This translates to: I go, you go, he/she has, we have, you have, they have.

You can see why it is an irregular verb. The different persons behave differently (vado, andiamo, vanno).


Andare Imperfetto

For the simple past form, here’s how you conjugate the verb andare.

Io andavo
Tu andavi
Lui/lei andava
Noi andavamo
Voi andavate
Loro andavano


Andare Passato Prossimo

I already told you that the verb andare takes essere to form certain tenses like this one. Let’s see how to conjugate it, using its past participle “andato”.

Io sono andato/a
Tu sei andato/a
Lui/lei è andato/a
Noi siamo andati
Voi siete andati
Loro sono andati


PS: Did you notice how the singular persons take a different ending, depending on whether the person speaking is a man or a woman?

That’s typical of verbs that take the auxiliary essere.


Andare Future Tense

Here’s how to conjugate the verb andare, to speak about going somewhere in the future.

Io andrò
Tu andrai
Lui/lei andrà
Noi andremo
Voi andrete
Loro andranno


Infinitive of Andare – Present & Past

Infinito Presente – andare

Infinito Passato – essere andato


Andare Participio Passato (Past Participle)

The past participle of andare is “andato”, which translates to gone.


Italian andare conjugation example 3
“Martina va a scuola a piedi tutti i giorni.” (Martina goes to school on foot every day)


Examples: How To Say To Go In Italian

Let’s practice what we have learned so far with different examples.

  1. Basic Usage:
  1. Making Plans:
  1. Past Actions:
  1. Combining with Other Verbs:
  1. Expressing Desires:
  1. Asking for Permission:
  1. Talking about Future Plans:
  1. Using Infinitive Present:
  1. Discussing Past Experiences:
  1. Describing Compatibility:



Full Andare Italian Conjugation

Andare Indicativo or Indicative Mood

PRESENTEPASSATO PROSSIMO
io vado
tu vai
lui va
noi andiamo
voi andate
loro vanno

Meaning 1st person:
I go
io sono andato
tu sei andato
lui è andato
noi siamo andati
voi siete andati
loro sono andati

Meaning 1st person:
I have gone

IMPERFETTO

TRAPASSATO PROSSIMO
io andavo
tu andavi
lui andava
noi andavamo
voi andavate
loro andavano

Meaning 1st person:
I went
io ero andato
tu eri andato
lui era andato
noi eravamo andati
voi eravate andati
loro erano andati

Meaning 1st person:
I had gone
PASSATO REMOTO
(historical perfect)
TRAPASSATO REMOTO
(past anterior)
io andai
tu andasti
lui andò
noi andammo
voi andaste
loro andarono

Meaning 1st person:
I went
io fui andato
tu fosti andato
lui fu andato
noi fummo andati
voi foste andati
loro furono andati

Meaning 1st person:
I was gone

Andare Indicative Mood


Understanding the Passato Remoto

In Italian, when you want to talk about actions that took place and were completed in the remote or distant past, you use the passato remoto. It’s like looking at events from a historical perspective. This tense is commonly found in written narratives, literature, or when discussing events that happened a long time ago.

For example:

While the passato prossimo is often used for recent or relevant past events in spoken Italian, the passato remoto is more formal and is frequently used in written storytelling or historical contexts.


What About the Trapassato Remoto?

The trapassato remoto is the Italian past perfect tense and is used to express actions that occurred before another past action, often in the passato remoto. It’s a further step back in the past. So, if you’re already using the passato remoto to talk about a completed past action, you would use the trapassato remoto to describe an action that happened even earlier in relation to that past event.

Example:

Trapassato Remoto: Dopo che il professore se ne fu andato tutti cominciarono a parlare (Once the professor had left everyone started talking.)


FUTURO SEMPLICE
FUTURO ANTERIORE
(future perfect)
io andrò
tu andrai
lui andrà
noi andremo
voi andrete
loro andranno

Meaning 1st person:
I will go
io sarò andato
tu sarai andato
lui sarà andato
noi saremo andati
voi sarete andati
loro saranno andati

Meaning 1st person:
I will be gone

Andare Indicative Mood – Future


Italian andare conjugation example 4
While you take a break tell me: “Sei mai andato a Roma?”. (Have you ever gone to Rome?).


Andare Condizionale or Conditional Mood

PRESENTEPASSATO
io andrei
tu andresti
lui andrebbe
noi andremmo
voi andreste
loro andrebbero

1st Person Meaning:
I would go


io sarei andato
tu saresti andato
lui sarebbe andato
noi saremmo andati
voi sareste andati
loro sarebbero andati

1st Person meaning:
I would have gone



Conditional of Verb Andare


Andare Congiuntivo or Subjunctive Mood

PRESENTEPASSATO
che io vada
che tu vada
che lui vada
che noi andiamo
che voi andiate
che loro vadano

1st person meaning:
that I go
che io sia andato
che tu sia andato
che lui sia andato
che noi siamo andati
che voi siate andati
che loro siano andati

1st person meaning:
that I’m gone

IMPERFETTO

TRAPASSATO
che io andassi
che tu andassi
che lui andasse
che noi andassimo
che voi andaste
che loro andassero

1st person meaning:
that I went

che io fossi andato
che tu fossi andato
che lui fosse andato
che noi fossimo andati
che voi foste andati
che loro fossero andati

1st person meaning:
that I was gone


Andare Subjunctive Mood


How To Use the Congiuntivo in Italian

The subjunctive mood in Italian is used to express doubt, uncertainty, wishes, emotions, and hypothetical situations.

  1. Congiuntivo Presente:
    • Example: “È importante che tu vada.” (It’s important that you go.)
  2. Congiuntivo Passato:
    • Example: “Speravo che tu fossi andato in vacanza.” (I hoped that you had gone on vacation.)
  3. Congiuntivo Imperfetto:
    • Example: “Se tu andassi, sarebbe meglio.” (If you were to go, it would be better.)
  4. Congiuntivo Trapassato:
    • Example: “Mi dispiace che tu non fossi andato prima.” (I’m sorry you hadn’t gone earlier.)


Imperativo or Imperative Mood

PRESENTE

va’/vai
vada
andiamo
andate
vadano

2nd person meaning: Go

Andare Imperative Mood


Infinito or Infinitive Mood

PRESENTEPASSATO
andare

Meaning: to go
essere andato

Meaning: to be gone

Andare Infinitive Mood


Participio or Participle Mood

PRESENTEPASSATO
andante

Meaning: going
andato

Meaning: gone

Andare Participle Mood


Gerundio or Gerund Mood

PRESENTEPASSATO
Andando

Meaning: going
Essendo andato

Meaning: having gone

Andare Gerund Mood


Prepositions to Use with Andare

Andare has different uses, which implies it also takes different prepositions depending on the particular use and meaning in a sentence. Let’s look at the most used prepositions with andare.

The easiest way to determine which preposition to use is to select the correct question implied by the sentence, and then use the matching preposition.

Andare dove (to go where) – use prepositions a or in or al, allo, alla (to)

Andare con chi (to go with whom) – use preposition con (with)

Andare come (to go how) – use the preposition in (by or on)

Andare da chi (to go to whom) – use preposition da or dal (at)


Examples:

Vado a Roma. – I go to Rome.

Vado a casa. – I go home.

Vado al Nord. – I go to the Nord.

Vado al lavoro. – I go to work.

Vado alla stazione. – I go to the station.

Vado all’università. – I go to university.

Vado in ufficio. – I go to the office.

Vado in campagna. – I go to the countryside.

Vado in citta. – I go to the city.

Vado in Sicilia. – I go to Sicily.

Vado da Mattia. – I go to Mattia’s.

Vado dal dottore. – I go to the doctor.

Vado dall’oculista. – I go to the optician.



Andare Or Venire?

If you get confused about when to use andare and when to use venire, follow this simple rule.

If someone or something is moving in a direction far from you – use andare.

If someone is moving in a direction closer to you – use venire.


Examples:

Situation 1

You are at work and about to leave.

  1. You tell your boss this: I am going home. – Sto andando a casa.
  1. You tell your wife who’s already home this: I am coming home. – Sto venendo a casa.


Situation 2

Your parents are waiting for you to go home for dinner. This is how they talk about it.

  1. Marco e Maria vengono a cena alle 7. – Marco and Maria are coming for dinner at 7 pm.
  1. Ieri, Marco e Maria sono andati al mercato e hanno preso una torta per oggi. – Yesterday, Marco and Maria went to the market and got a cake for today.


Andare Practice Exercises

Here are a couple of exercises to test your knowledge of the verb “andare” and its usage.

Exercise 1:

Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verb “andare” in the given context.

  1. Tu __ al cinema stasera? (Are you going to the cinema tonight?)
  2. Ieri sera, noi __ a mangiare pizza. (Last night, we went to eat pizza.)
  3. Paolo e Luisa __ in vacanza il prossimo mese. (Paolo and Luisa will go on vacation next month.)
  4. Voi __ al concerto sabato? (Are you going to the concert on Saturday?)
  5. Io __ a trovare mio fratello questo weekend. (I am going to visit my brother this weekend.)

Exercise 2:

Choose the correct preposition to complete the sentences based on the implied question.

1. Maria va __ scuola ogni giorno. (Maria goes to school every day.) a) a

b) in
c) con
d) da


2. Stefano va __ lavoro in autobus. (Stefano goes to work by bus.)

a) a
b) in
c) con
d) da


3. Noi andiamo __ mare ogni estate. (We go to the sea every summer.)

a) a
b) in
c) con
d) al


4. Laura va __ cinema __ Marco. (Laura goes to the cinema with Marco.)

a) a
b) in, con
c) con, al
d) da, con
e) al, con


5. Io vado __________ mia nonna oggi pomeriggio. (I am going to my grandmother’s this afternoon.)

a) a
b) in
c) con
d) da


Answers:

Exercise 1:

  1. vai
  2. siamo andati
  3. andranno
  4. andate
  5. vado

Exercise 2:

  1. a
  2. in
  3. al
  4. con
  5. da 



Final Thoughts On The Italian Verb Andare

Now you have learned a lot about the Italian verb “andare”! First we talked about what it means – to go. Then you learned how to conjugate “andare” in the present, past, and future tenses. There were also sample sentences with “andare” used correctly.

With this knowledge, you can speak about where you are going, ask others where they are going, and make plans. Practicing “andare” by using it in conversations is the best way to remember everything. Soon it will become a regular part of your Italian vocabulary!

Next, learn about the Italian verb dire and the very important auxiliary verb avere.



Italian Verb Andare FAQ

What is the difference between Uscire and Andare?

The main difference between “uscire” and “andare” is that “uscire” means “to go out” or “leave”, while “andare” simply means “to go”.

What preposition goes with andare?

The most common prepositions used with “andare” are:

What is the present subjunctive of andare?

The present subjunctive of “andare” is: (che) io vada (che) tu vada (che) lui/lei vada (che) noi andiamo (che) voi andiate (che) loro vadano

How do you use andare in Italian?

“Andare” is used in Italian to talk about going somewhere, going to do something, future plans, desires, permissions, etc. Some examples:

What does Andare mean in Italy?

In Italy, “andare” can also mean “to work properly/to function” when talking about machines/devices. For example, “La lavatrice non va” (The washing machine isn’t working).

What is the future tense of andare in Italian?

The future tense of “andare” is: Io andrò Tu andrai Lui/Lei andrà Noi andremo Voi andrete Loro andranno

What’s andò in Italian?

Andò is the passato remoto (simple past) form of the verb “andare”. For example: “Ieri io andò al mercato” (Yesterday I went to the market).

What’s andasse in Italian?

“Andasse” is the imperfect subjunctive form of the verb “andare”. It is used to express desires, doubts, possibilities, etc in the past. For example: “Pensavo che lui andasse alla festa” (I thought he  would go to the party).

What’s fosse andato in Italian?

This is the past subjunctive form of the verb “andare”, which translates to “had gone”. It expresses doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past. For example: “Non sapevo che Marco fosse andato in Italia” (I didn’t know Marco had gone to Italy).

What does essere andato mean?

This translates to “have gone”. It is the passato prossimo form of “andare” using the auxiliary verb “essere”. For example: “Sono andato al cinema ieri” (I went to the cinema yesterday).

What does sarebbe andato mean?

This means “would have gone”. It expresses something that would have happened in the past under certain conditions. For example: “Sarei andato alla festa se non avessi avuto mal di testa” (I would have gone to the party if I hadn’t had a headache).

When is the indicative mood used in Italian?

The indicative mood is used to state facts and actions that have occurred, are occurring, or will occur. It is the most common verb mood in Italian. Some examples of the indicative: “Vado a scuola ogni giorno” (I go to school every day); “Andavo spesso in vacanza”(I often went on vacation).

What do the Italian verbs endings tell us?

Italian verb endings indicate the subject pronoun (io, tu, lui/lei etc), the tense (present, imperfect etc), the mood (indicative, conditional etc) and whether the verb is regular or irregular. They are very important to conveying precise meaning.

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