italian alphabet pronunciation and complete Italian alphabet guide

Italian Alphabet Pronunciation Made Easy + Complete Guide



Welcome to the world of Italian language and culture! Whether you’re planning an exciting Italian adventure or eager to impress your Italian friends, mastering the Italian alphabet pronunciation is your gateway to fluent communication. In this article, “Italian Alphabet Pronunciation Made Easy,” we will embark on a journey together to demystify the intricacies of the Italian alphabet and help you achieve clear and confident pronunciation like an Italian speaker.

Learning a new language can be both thrilling and challenging, but fear not! My goal is to make the process enjoyable and accessible for learners of all levels. Whether you’re a complete beginner or already familiar with the basics, this informative and friendly approach will provide you with practical tips and techniques to refine your Italian pronunciation effortlessly.

Are you ready to embrace the joy of speaking Italian with ease? Let’s dive into this guide to the Italian alphabet and discover the beauty of the Italian language. Before you know it, you’ll be expressing yourself like a true Italian and connecting with a vibrant culture that spans centuries. So, join me as we embark on this language adventure, where pronunciation mastery awaits you!

Key Insights

Latin inscription on ancient building

How Did the Italian Language Develop?

The Italian language, with its rich history and fascinating evolution, finds its roots deeply intertwined with Latin, the ancient language of the Romans. From these Latin origins, Italian developed into a clear and understandable form that captivates learners worldwide.

During the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, several factors contributed to the emergence of modern Italian from its Latin foundation. Influential Italian writers, such as Dante Alighieri and Petrarch, crafted their literary masterpieces in a dialect spoken in Tuscany, particularly Florence. This Tuscan dialect, known as “Tuscan Vulgar Latin,” was infused with elements from various regional languages, evolving into a distinct linguistic entity that formed the foundation of the Italian language.

As Italian literature gained popularity and spread beyond Tuscany, its central geographical location and economic importance played crucial roles in establishing it as a lingua franca for communication across different regions of Italy. Merchants, traders, and travelers found it advantageous to use a common language for business and cultural exchange, further propelling the spread and acceptance of Italian.

Today, modern Italian stands as a beautiful and expressive language, celebrating its historical roots in Latin while embracing a distinctive identity of its own. Its clear and straightforward structure makes it a joy for learners to grasp, encouraging them to embark on the exciting journey of mastering the language.

How Many Letters In The Italian Alphabet

The Italian alphabet consists of 21 letters, making it a compact and straightforward system for language learners. 

Why does Italian only have 21 letters? 

Over time, the Italian alphabet has undergone some changes, and certain letters that weren’t commonly used in native Italian words were eventually removed. Despite having fewer letters, the Italian alphabet efficiently represents the sounds of the language, making it simple and consistent for learners.

Each letter in the Italian alphabet has a unique pronunciation, and you might notice similarities if you’ve encountered other Romance languages like Spanish or French. The phonetic nature of Italian lends it a melodious charm, contributing to its reputation as a musical language. 

Italian alphabet and Italian alphabet pronunciation

Italian Alphabet vs English Alphabet

The Italian alphabet and the English alphabet share some similarities, yet each has its distinct characteristics. While the English alphabet consists of 26 letters, the Italian alphabet comprises 21 letters. Both alphabets use the same basic Latin script, but there are notable differences in pronunciation. In Italian, each letter generally (although not always) corresponds to a single sound, offering a more consistent and phonetic approach to pronunciation compared to English. 

Let’s take these examples of words that are written the same in Italian and English, and see how they are pronounced differently in each language. Please, keep in mind that the meaning might vary, but that’s not important for this example.

The two words we are going to use as our examples are “facile” and “stiletto”.

WordItalian SpellingRead by an English SpeakerRead by an Italian
FacileFa-ci-leFah-suhl (soft “s”)Fa-ci-le
Italian vs English Pronunciation Example

These examples showcase how the Italian language generally follows a more predictable and phonetic approach to pronunciation compared to English, where certain letters can have different sounds depending on the context.

Click to listen to me pronounce both words in Italian.


Facile pronunciation


Stiletto pronunciation

Italian Phonetic Alphabet

With the above example in mind, it should be easier for you to grasp the concept that Italian is for the most part a phonetic alphabet, while English isn’t.

When an alphabet is described as “phonetic,” it means that the written symbols (letters) consistently represent specific sounds or phonemes in the spoken language. In other words, each letter in a phonetic alphabet corresponds to a distinct sound, and the pronunciation of words can be easily inferred from their written form.

What Letters Are Not in the Italian Alphabet?

The Italian alphabet does not include the following letters:

1. J: The letter “J” is not part of the standard Italian alphabet. It is used only in loanwords and foreign names, not in native Italian words.

2. K: Similarly, the letter “K” is not part of the Italian alphabet, except in loanwords and proper nouns from other languages.

3. W: The letter “W” is also absent from the traditional Italian alphabet. It is typically found in foreign words or names.

4. X: In native Italian words, the letter “X” is not commonly used. However, it can appear in words borrowed from other languages.

5. Y: Like “X,” the letter “Y” is not a part of the regular Italian alphabet and is primarily seen in foreign words or names.

While the letters mentioned above may appear in borrowed words or specific contexts, they are not considered part of the core Italian alphabet.

Italian Alphabet Letters: A To Z

Below you’ll find all 21 letters in the Italian alphabet, with their Italian pronunciation. That’s exactly how Italian kids learn these letters. For each letter, I have also included, within brackets, the pronunciation when read by an English-speaking person. The final sound will be the same.

LetterItalian Pronunciation (Read by an English Speaker)
AA (ah)
BBi (bee)
CCi (chee)
DDi (dee)
EE (eh)
FEffe (eff-eh)
GGi (jee)
HAcca (ah-kah)
II (ee)
LElle (el-leh)
MEmme (emm-eh)
NEnne (enn-eh)
OO (oh)
PPi (pee)
QQu (koo)
RErre (err-eh)
SEsse (ess-eh)
TTi (tee)
UU (oo)
VVu (voo)
ZZeta (dzeh-tah)
Italian Alphabet Letters & Pronunciation

Italian alphabet letters

ABC In Italian & the Italian Alphabet Song

As I mentioned Italian kids, I thought it would be fun but also helpful to listen to a kid say the Italian alphabet. It’s very sweet, and will surely make you smile.

Listen to the Italian Alphabet (Impara con #pinkato – impariamo le LETTERE. Conoscere le lettere dell’alfabeto italiano… facile – YouTube)

Is There A Letter J in Italian?

The letter “J” does exist in Italian, but it is not a part of the traditional Italian alphabet. Instead, it appears in specific instances, mainly in borrowed words from other languages, particularly English and other Germanic languages. The reason for its absence from the Italian alphabet lies in historical and linguistic factors.

In Latin, the precursor to many Romance languages, including Italian, there was no distinct letter “J.” The sound represented by “J” in English and other languages was expressed using the letter “I” or “I” with a vowel, like “IA” or “IO.” As a result, when Latin evolved into Italian, the letter “J” was not included in the alphabet.

In Italian, borrowed words that contain the “J” sound often maintain the letter “J” in their spelling. For example, words like “jeans” and “jazz” are written with a “J.” However, when Italians pronounce these borrowed words, they adapt the “J” sound to the closest equivalent in Italian, which is the “soft G” sound, similar to the English “J” in “job.” Therefore, “jeans” is pronounced as “gins,” and “jazz” is pronounced as “jatz.”

Though the letter “J” is not a native part of the Italian alphabet and appears primarily in loanwords, Italians have adapted its pronunciation to fit within the context of their language, showcasing the dynamic nature of linguistic influences and evolution.

X in Italian

The letter “X” is notably absent from the Italian alphabet. In native Italian words, you won’t come across this letter frequently. Instead, it mainly appears in borrowed words from other languages, particularly English and other languages where “X” represents a distinct sound.

The absence of “X” in many native Italian words can be traced back to the historical evolution of the language from Latin. In Latin, “X” was used and pronounced as a combination of “ks” or “gs”, much like its pronunciation in English. However, as Latin evolved into Italian, the “ks” and “gs” sounds were often represented using other letter combinations or replaced by different phonetic sounds, resulting in the exclusion of “X” from the Italian alphabet.

In Italian, borrowed words that contain the letter “X” typically retain their original spelling. For instance, words like “extra,” “box,” and “taxi” maintain the “X” in their Italian forms. When pronouncing these borrowed words, Italians generally adhere to the original pronunciation, pronouncing “X” as “eks,” similar to the English pronunciation.

Did you know that the Latin alphabet has more letters than the Italian one, including the X and Y? On the other hand, it doesn’t include these letters: J, U, and W.

Letter Y in Italian

Similar to “X,” the letter “Y” is not included in the traditional Italian alphabet. It primarily appears in borrowed words from other languages, particularly English.

The absence of “Y” in many native Italian words can be attributed to the historical evolution of the language from Latin. In Latin, “Y” was utilized in certain words, often representing a consonantal “i” sound or a vowel sound similar to the English “ee.” However, as Latin evolved into Italian, the use of “Y” diminished, and its sounds were typically represented using other vowel or consonant combinations.

In Italian, borrowed words that contain the letter “Y” usually retain their original spelling. For example, words like “yoga,” “yogurt,” and “yes” maintain the “Y” in their Italian forms. When pronouncing these borrowed words, Italians typically adopt the original pronunciation, closely resembling the English “Y” sound.

Italian Vowels

Italian VowelsVowel Sounds in ItalianPronunciation
AaA (similar to “ah” in “father”)
EeE (similar to “eh” in “bet”)
IiI (similar to “ee” in “see”)
OoO (similar to “o” in “go”)
UuU (similar to “oo” in “moon”)
Italian vowels (pronunciation: if read by an English speaker)

Italian vowels play a vital role in the language and contribute to the melodious and expressive nature of Italian speech. Here are some key aspects and characteristics of Italian vowels:

1. Five Vowel Sounds: Italian has five primary vowel sounds, and each vowel has a distinct pronunciation. The 5 vowels are “A,” “E,” “I,” “O,” and “U.” Unlike some other languages, Italian does not have long and short vowel distinctions; each vowel generally has a consistent pronunciation.

2. Pure Vowel Sounds: Italian vowels are considered pure sounds, meaning they are pronounced distinctly without diphthongs or gliding from one sound to another. Each vowel retains its own integrity and clarity in pronunciation.

3. Clear Pronunciation: Italian vowels are pronounced with clear and open-mouth positions. They are generally more open and forward in the mouth compared to some other languages.

4. No Schwa Sound: Unlike English, which has the schwa sound (ə), a neutral and unstressed vowel sound, Italian does not use the schwa sound. All Italian vowels have distinct and recognizable pronunciations.

5. Vowel Stress: Italian is a syllable-timed language, which means each syllable has equal stress. However, in multi-syllable words, one syllable usually receives more emphasis than the others. The location of stress in Italian words is typically predictable and follows specific rules.

6. Open and Closed Syllables: Italian words are generally composed of open and closed syllables. An open syllable ends with a vowel, while a closed syllable ends with a consonant. This structure contributes to the rhythmic flow of the language.

7. Vowel Harmony: Italian exhibits vowel harmony, which means that certain vowel combinations are preferred in the language. For example, in native Italian words, the combination “ie” is more common than “ei.”

8. Accented Vowels: Many Italian words end with an accented vowel, such as papà, caffè, così, perciò, giù.

Understanding Italian vowels is crucial for accurate pronunciation and successful language learning. Their pure and distinct sounds contribute to the musicality of Italian speech, making it an enjoyable language to listen to and speak. 

Vowel Sounds in Italian

These five vowels are expressed using seven distinct sounds or phonemes. The vowels “a,” “o,” and “u” always have the same open sound, while the vowels “e” and “o” can have either an open or closed sound, depending on the context.

An open sound is pronounced with a more open mouth position, while a closed sound is pronounced with a more closed mouth position. The distinction between open and closed sounds affects the pronunciation and meaning of words. It’s important to pay attention to the accent or context to correctly pronounce the vowels “e” and “o” in Italian.

Open SoundsClosed Sounds
bene (well)è bene (it is good)
solo (alone)ò solo (or alone)
Italian Vowel Sounds

Not all instances of closed sounds require the use of an accent. In the ‘o solo’ example above, the accent is only for you to understand the different sounds of the vowel o. In reality, you don’t need to write the accent. We’ll speak about Italian accent marks and all the rules in a different post.

Italian consonants

Italian Consonants

Italian consonants play a significant role in shaping the distinct sounds and rhythm of the language. Here are some key characteristics and features of Italian consonants:

  1. Consonant Clusters

Italian words generally avoid consonant clusters, where two or more consonants appear together within a single syllable. Most Italian words have a consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) structure, making them easy to pronounce and creating a smooth and melodious flow in spoken Italian.

For example:

  1. Pronunciation

Italian consonants are typically pronounced with clarity and precision. Unlike some other languages, Italian consonants are not heavily aspirated, meaning there is minimal puff of air when pronouncing them. This contributes to the overall musicality of the language.

For example:

  1. No Pronunciation Differences

Italian consonants usually have a consistent pronunciation regardless of their position within a word. In some languages, certain consonants may have different pronunciations depending on their position (e.g., at the beginning or end of a word), but this is not the case in Italian.

For example:

  1. Double Consonants in Italian

Double consonants, or “consonanti doppie,” are an essential feature in Italian. They represent a prolonged consonant sound, and their presence can change the meaning of a word. For instance, “mina” (mine) and “minna” (breast) have different meanings due to the double “n.”

  1. Assimilation

In certain contexts, Italian consonants may undergo assimilation, where their pronunciation is influenced by nearby sounds. This process ensures a smoother and more natural speech flow.

For example:

  1. Voicing

Italian consonants can be categorized as either voiced or voiceless. Voiced consonants produce vibration in the vocal cords when pronounced, while voiceless consonants do not. H, called acca in Italian, is the main consonant in the alphabet that has no sound.

  1. Common Consonant Sounds

Some common Italian consonants include “b,” “c,” “d,” “f,” “g,” “l,” “m,” “n,” “p,” “r,” “s,” “t,” and “v.” Each of these consonants has its own distinct pronunciation in Italian. See the examples below:

  1. Consonant Changes in Verb Conjugation

In verb conjugation, certain consonants may change based on the tense, mood, or subject. These changes are known as “consonanti d’accento,” and they occur to maintain a harmonious rhythm in the language.

For example:

Understanding the characteristics and pronunciation of Italian consonants is vital for achieving accurate and fluent speech. The combination of melodious vowels and clear consonants contributes to the beauty and expressiveness of the Italian language, making it a delight to both speak and listen to.

Foreign Consonants in the Italian Language

Foreign consonants in the context of the Italian language refer to consonant sounds that are not native to Italian but appear in borrowed words from other languages. 

We already spoke about these; they are the 5 consonants missing from the Italian alphabet – J, K, X, W, and Y.

person pronouncing a letter in Italian

Italian Pronunciation Guide

These are the aspects to consider when trying to learn Italian pronunciation. For the moment, just keep these in mind. Everything will become more clear as you progress in your learning journey. Mastering these aspects through practice and exposure to native speakers will help you speak Italian with authenticity and charm.

1. Accents:

   – You’ll need to account for the different types of accents when pronouncing Italian words.

2. Vowel Length:

   – It’s also important to understand when the vowels “e” and “o” have to be pronounced with an open or closed sound.

3. Diphthongs:

   – Italian has a few diphthongs, which are combinations of two vowel sounds within the same syllable. Common examples include “ai” (as in “mai”), “ei” (as in “sei”), “oi” (as in “soia”), and “uo” (as in “uomo”).

4. Double Consonants:

   – Geminate or double consonants (consonanti doppie) appear in Italian when a consonant is doubled. Geminate consonants are held slightly longer than single consonants and are important for correct pronunciation. For example: “nono” (ninth) vs. “nonno” (grandfather).

5. Silent Letters:

   – In Italian, the letter h is always silent, and its only function is to determine the sound of the preceding consonant. We’ll speak about ch later on.

6. Rhythmic Language:

   – Italian is a syllable-timed language, which means each syllable has an equal duration, contributing to the rhythmic flow of speech.

What Does Italian Sound Like?

Italian is often described as one of the most melodious and expressive languages in the world. Its sound is characterized by a rhythmic and flowing quality, with clear vowel sounds and crisp consonants. 

I am sure you’ve heard Italian speaking before. However, if you wish to observe the sounds while you listen to someone speak in a quiet space, here’s a short clip of a woman presenting her family in Italian.

Listen to an Italian native speaking ((3) La mia famiglia – ascolto A1 – YouTube)

Specific Italian Letters Pronunciation Rules

Even though overall the Italian language is a very phonetic one, where every letter tends to be pronounced as it is written, there are some exceptions. Let’s look at each one of these.

How to Pronounce “C” in Italian

In Italian, the letter “C” can have different sounds based on the following vowel. Before “a,” “o,” and “u,” “C” is pronounced like the English “k” sound. For example, “casa” (house) is pronounced as “kah-sah.”

However, before “e” and “i,” “C” is pronounced like the English “ch” sound. For instance, “ciao” (hello) is pronounced as “chow.” Remembering this distinction is vital for accurate pronunciation and understanding of Italian words.

G Pronunciation

In Italian, the pronunciation of “G” depends on the following vowel. Before “e” and “i,” “G” is pronounced as the “soft g” sound, similar to the “j” sound in “jungle.” For example, “gelato” (ice cream) is pronounced as “jeh-lah-to.”

On the other hand, before “a,” “o,” and “u,” “G” is pronounced as the “hard g” sound, like the “g” in “goat.” For instance, “gusto” (taste) is pronounced as “goo-stoh.

How to Pronounce “CC” in Italian

When encountering the letter combination “CC” in Italian, its pronunciation can vary based on the vowel that follows it. In some cases, “CC” is pronounced as the hard “k” sound, similar to the English “k” in “cat.” For example, in the word “sacco” (bag), “CC” is pronounced as “k” – “sak-ko.”

However, in other instances, “CC” is pronounced as the soft “ch” sound, similar to the English “ch” in “chocolate,” especially when followed by “i” or “e.” For instance, in the word “cucciolo” (puppy), “CC” is pronounced as “ch” – “coo-chyo-loh.”

Example Words (English Meaning)Pronunciation in Italian
lacca (lacquer)“lak-kah”
acceso (lit, switched on)“ak-kay-so”
sacco (sack)“sak-koh”
accipicchia (expression of surprise)“atch-ee-pee-kya”
cucciolo (puppy)“coo-chyo-loh”
CC in Italian with different pronunciation examples

“Ch” in Italian

The letter combination “CH” in Italian is pronounced as the English “k” sound before “e” and “i.” For example, “chiesa” (church) is pronounced “kyeh-zah.” Unlike the English “ch” sound in “church,” Italian “CH” doesn’t have the “sh” sound, but rather the “k” sound.

“Cqu” Sound

The combination “CQU” in Italian is pronounced as a hard “k” sound followed by “w.” For instance, “acqua” (water) is pronounced “ah-kwah.” This sound is distinct and not common in English, but it follows a consistent pattern in Italian words.

“Gli” Sound

The combination “GLI” in Italian is pronounced like the English “li” in “million” but with a soft “g” sound before it. For example, “famiglia” (family) is pronounced “fah-mee-lyah.” The “Gli” sound is unique and distinct in Italian pronunciation.

“Gn” Sound

The combination “GN” in Italian creates a unique sound similar to the “ny” in “canyon.” For instance, “ogni” (every) is pronounced “oh-nyee.” The “GN” sound adds a musical touch to Italian words and is essential to grasp for accurate pronunciation.

“H” in Italian

The letter “H” in Italian is always silent and doesn’t affect the pronunciation of the adjacent letters. Words with “H” in Italian are pronounced as if the “H” were not there at all. For example, “hotel” is pronounced “oh-tel” in Italian.

“Qu” Sound

The combination “QU” in Italian is pronounced like the English “kw” sound. For instance, “quadro” (painting) is pronounced “kwah-dro.” The “QU” sound is consistent in Italian and can be found in various words.

“R” in Italian

The letter “R” in Italian is rolled or trilled, which means the tongue vibrates or flutters against the roof of the mouth. This distinctive sound gives Italian its characteristic flair and charm.

S Pronunciation

In Italian, the letter “S” is generally pronounced as in English. However, when “S” appears between two vowels, it can take on a softer sound, similar to “z” in “haze.” For example, “casa” (house) is pronounced “kah-zah” in Italian.

“Sc” Sound

The letter combination “SC” in Italian can have two different pronunciations. Before “e” and “i,” it is pronounced like the English “sh” sound. For instance, “scena” (scene) is pronounced “sheh-nah.”

Before “a,” “o,” and “u,” “SC” is pronounced like “sk” in “skate.” For example, “scala” (staircase) is pronounced “skah-lah.”

“Z” Pronunciation

In Italian, the letter “Z” is pronounced like “ts” in “cats” when it appears before the vowels “a,” “o,” and “u.” For example, “zoo” would be pronounced “tsoh-oh” in Italian.

These pronunciation rules for Italian letters help learners develop an authentic and accurate Italian accent, making the language even more enjoyable to speak and hear. With practice and exposure to native speakers, you can confidently navigate Italian pronunciation and communicate effectively in my beautiful language.

Italian Letters With Accents

Italian letters with accents play a significant role in the language, indicating open or closed vowel sounds and influencing stress placement. They differentiate words with similar spellings but different meanings and are crucial in verb conjugation. Accented letters preserve the original pronunciation in loanwords from other languages.

Understanding and using these accents accurately is vital for proper pronunciation, spelling, and effective communication in Italian. Accents add nuance and clarity, enhancing the beauty and expressiveness of the language.

Here are some examples of Italian letters with accents:

1. Open and Closed Vowel Sounds:

   – “né” (nor) – The acute accent (é) indicates a closed “e” sound.

   – “benché” (although) – The acute accent (é) indicates a closed “e” sound.

2. Stress Placement:

   – “caffè” (coffee) – The accent shifts the stress to the last syllable and the e has an open sound.

3. Differentiation of Words:

   – “papà” (dad) – The acute accent (à) distinguishes it from “papa” (pope). The first has a more open sound with the a being emphasized.

4. Verb Conjugation:

   – “cantò” (he/she/it sang) – The grave accent (ò) shows the past tense and the final o is pronounced with a closed mouth.

   – “canta” (he/she/it sings) – No accent indicates the present tense.

5. Accents in Loanwords:

   – “hotel” (hotel) – The acute accent (é) preserves the original pronunciation, although in this case the h is not pronounced. 

   – “crêpe” (crepe) – The circumflex accent (ê) also preserves the original pronunciation.

In these examples, the accents play a critical role in indicating pronunciation, differentiating meanings, and showing stress placement. Understanding these accents is essential for proper usage and communication in Italian.

Spelling in Italian

Spelling in Italian is indeed generally more straightforward than in non-phonetic languages like English. Still, it requires attention to some essential aspects to improve your Italian spelling. Here are some helpful tips:

  1. Understand that Italian is a language that is mostly written as it’s pronounced.
  2. To get the spelling right, you need to learn the Italian alphabet on two levels: first, learn the 21 letters and which ones are not used; secondly, learn the correct pronunciation of each letter.
  3. Listen listen listen. When it comes to learning the sound of letters in specific words, the best way is to listen to others speak those words.
  4. Read and read some more. Reading in Italian will help you see with your eyes the correct spelling of different words.
  5. Practice. A good way is to give yourself 10 or 20 English words a day, and for each, you’ll have to a) translate them in Italian, b) write the Italian word, c) check your spelling, d) listen to its pronunciation, and e) say the word in Italian multiple times. Once you are a bit more advanced, you can also write a sentence or two using each word, in Italian of course.

Re-reading this article, especially the section about the specific Italian letters’ pronunciation rules will help you improve your Italian orthography.

Italian Phonetic Alphabet

The Italian phonetic alphabet, also known as the “Alfabeto fonetico italiano,” is a system used to represent the sounds of spoken Italian using a set of standardized symbols. It is designed to provide a consistent and precise way to transcribe Italian words phonetically, regardless of regional accents or variations.

You can also call it “alfabeto telefonico”, or phone alphabet, as it is usually used on the phone to make the interlocutor understand exactly which letter you are spelling. 

Should you ever need to use it, feel free to refer back to this page.

LetterInternational Phonetic AlphabetPronunciation
A[a] come Anconaah koh-meh Ahn-koh-nah
B[bi] come Bolognabee koh-meh Boh-loh-nyah
C[ʧi] come Comochee koh-meh Koh-moh
D[di] come Domodossoladee koh-meh Doh-moh-dohs-soh-lah
E[e] come Empolieh koh-meh Ehm-poh-lee
F[ˈɛffe] come Firenzeeff-eh koh-meh Fee-rehn-tseh
G[dʒi] come Genovajee koh-meh Jeh-noh-vah
H[ˈakka] come hotelah-kah koh-meh hoh-tehl
I[i] come Imolaee koh-meh Ee-moh-lah
L[ˈɛlle] come Livornoel-leh koh-meh Lee-vohr-noh
M[ˈɛmme] come Milanoemm-eh koh-meh Mee-lah-noh
N[ˈɛnne] come Napolienn-eh koh-meh Nah-poh-lee
O[o] come ombrellooh koh-meh ohm-brehl-loh
P[pi] come Padovapee koh-meh Pah-doh-vah
Q[ku] come quadrokoo koh-meh kwah-droh
R[ˈɛrre] come Romaerr-eh koh-meh Roh-mah
S[ˈɛsse] come Savonaess-eh koh-meh Sah-voh-nah
T[ti] come Torinotee koh-meh Toh-ree-noh
U[u] come Udineoo koh-meh Yoo-dee-neh
V[vu] come Veneziavoo koh-meh Veh-neh-ts’yah
Z[ˈdzɛta] come zerozeh-tah koh-meh zeh-roh
Italian Phonetic Alphabet

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, mastering the pronunciation of the Italian alphabet is an essential step for anyone looking to embark on a journey of learning the beautiful Italian language. The Italian alphabet consists of 21 letters, each with its distinct sound and pronunciation. By understanding the phonetic representation of these letters and familiarizing yourself with their unique sounds, you can greatly enhance your ability to communicate effectively and confidently in Italian. 

While some letters, such as “c” and “g,” may have variations in their pronunciation depending on the following vowels, the Italian phonetic alphabet (IPA) offers a standardized system to accurately represent these sounds. With consistent practice and exposure to authentic Italian speech, you too can develop an ear for the language and strive towards sounding more like a native speaker. 

Next, check this article about the Italian days of the week or save it for later.

Frequently Asked Questions About the Italian Alphabet Pronunciation

What are the 21 letters in the Italian alphabet?

The 21 letters in the Italian alphabet are A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, Z.

What is the J sound in Italian?  

The J sound in Italian is adapted from loanwords and pronounced like “y” or a soft “g” sound.

Is C ever pronounced like S in Italian?

No, C is never pronounced like S in Italian. It makes a “k” or “ch” sound based on the following vowel. 

Do you pronounce the E in Grazie?

Yes, you pronounce the E in “grazie” (thank you). It makes an “ay” sound.

What are the most common letters in Italian?

The most common letters in Italian are E, O, A, I, N, R, T, L, S, C. 

What letters are feminine in Italian?

There are no inherently feminine or masculine letters in the Italian alphabet.

What are the 5 missing letters in Italian? 

The 5 missing letters in the Italian alphabet compared to English are: J, K, W, X, Y.

Is there a letter k in the Italian alphabet?

No, there is no letter K in the standard Italian alphabet, except in some loanwords.

Is there a letter w in the Italian alphabet?

No, there is no letter W in the traditional Italian alphabet.

Is there a letter x in the Italian alphabet?  

No, the letter X does not exist in native Italian words, only some borrowed terms.

Do you pronounce the C in bruschetta?

Yes, you pronounce the C in “bruschetta.” It makes a hard “k” sound.

What are the 7 Italian vowels?

From a vocal point of view, the 7 Italian vowels are A, E, I, O, U, È, Ì. 

Why does Italian have so many double letters?

Double letters indicate a longer consonant sound, which distinguishes words and provides rhythm.

Posted in


Tagged with:

Alessia Spampinato